AnWulf commented on the word ughten
Ughten is that "restless hour before the dawn" ... Forsyth, Horologicon, The NED (the forerunner of the OED) calls it "the part of the night immediately before daybreak ..." It's from ME ughten ‘the time of twilight before dawn’, from OE ūht ‘the time right before daybreak’ (Bosworth-Toller). Likely from an objectiv case as in ‘on uhtan’.As for how it is said, the 'gh' is silent as in night, sight, bight, light but which shows that the fore-vowel is long thus it would likely be said as ooten or yooten. Yes, the 'gh' might hav once been said like the 'ch' in 'loch' or German 'ich' but not anymore. However, Ormulum wrote 'uhhtenn'. The two h's make the fore-vowel short ... likely not short like in 'ug' but short like 'oohten' rather than 'yooten'.
March 7, 2014
AnWulf commented on the word ruinscape
"Only communist true believers would go to Cuba on holiday if the entire capital were still a vast ruinscape." ... The Once Great City of Havana http://www.worldaffairsjournal.org/blog/michael-j-totten/once-great-city-havana
December 5, 2013
AnWulf commented on the word throck
throck - (noun) 1. plowhead 2. table (verb) - to put the plow to the plowhead
November 26, 2013
AnWulf commented on the word spuzz
spuzz, n. 1. Mental energy, an aggressive in tellect. 2. Stamina, force, spice.spuzzard, n. An active, forceful thinker; someone with lots of vimspuzzy, a. 1. Highly seasoned. Charged with brain-electricity; vim; spiceyTheodore Roosevelt and Kaiser Wilhelm have spuzz. Spuzz in acting, in writing, or in business is what brings in the money.Spuzz welcomes competition; it is always ready for the fray.You can t down the spuzzard; he is elastic, and bounces up after every failure.The spuzzard is the girl who could "just die dancing" She answers her letters the day they are received.The farmer with no spuzz to him can never lift the mortgage; but the spuzzy guy down the road is educating his sons to be doctors and lawyers.Spuzz is that getaheadness. The zip, tang, and racehorse keenness that has for its motto: Do it now!
November 14, 2013
AnWulf commented on the word ferth
ferth – I. the soul, spirit, mind; II. life ... from OE ferþ.
May 25, 2013
AnWulf commented on the word holen
holen ... past participle of hele, 'to cover, hide, conceal'.
May 16, 2013
AnWulf commented on the word heled
heled ... hele'd... hele + ed ... past tense of hele to cover, conceal, hide ... also hole and holen
AnWulf commented on the word atell
atell — to reckon up, count; tell, enumerate; explain, interpret from ME atellen, from OE atellan.
May 10, 2013
AnWulf commented on the word kern
Kern - to grow into fruit; ripen, matureMaÿ flow'rs do grow vor June to burn,An' milk-white blooth o' trees do kern,— RIVERS DON'T GI'E OUT
May 9, 2013
AnWulf commented on the word hidelock
Hidelock, Hidlock, a hiding place. "He is in hidelock." He is absconded.While I, a-chucklèn at the joke,A-slided down, to run, min,To hidelock, had a-left the vo'kAs bad as na'r a tun, min.— WHAT DICK AN' I DID.
May 8, 2013
AnWulf commented on the word hazen
hazen - to forebode
AnWulf commented on the word bendsome
... though they would not be deemed trustworthy if they were in some softer or more brittle or bendsome substance; ... 1861, MacMillan's MagazineAfter all why should not our movement be a cause of their change of shape according to definite laws just as well as our squeezing them with our fingers if they chance to be made of some bendsome material? ... 1914, Charlie Dunbar Broad, Perception, Physics, and Reality
May 7, 2013
AnWulf commented on the word acover
acover - to recover, regain; to remedy; to revive; ~ up, to rise again. ... From ME acoveren, from OE acofrian.
May 6, 2013
April 24, 2013
AnWulf commented on the word fisselig
fisselig - flustered into incompetence because a critical person is watching ... from German fisselig: thin, fine or requiring dexterity; awkward, clumsy, fiddly
April 22, 2013
AnWulf commented on the word nakhes
• pride or gratification, huru at the achievements of one's children.• congratulationsORIGIN early 20th cent.: from Yiddish nakhes, from Hebrew naḥaṯ ‘contentment’
AnWulf commented on the word angbreast
angbreast - asthma, a difficulty of breathing, breast-anguish from OE angbreost
April 21, 2013
AnWulf commented on the word fustilugs
fustilugs - a ponderous clumsy person; huru : a fat and slovenly woman ... fusty (Old French fust “cask”+y) + lugs, pl. of lug (leg) ... in other words, chubby legs ... legs as thick as a cask.a vast virago, or an ugly tit, a slug, a fat fustilugs, a trusse, a long lean rawbone, a skeleton– John Keats, letter to George Keats, Sept. 1819
April 17, 2013
AnWulf commented on the word overspire
overspire - to tower over
April 15, 2013
AnWulf commented on the word swartrutter
***A mercenary who would often dress in all black and blacken his face. From Dutch swartrutter or swartruiter (black rider) mightly from German schwarze rotte (black gang).Swartrutters were groups of men who wore black clothes and blackened their faces. These gangs were a threatening presence in the Netherlands during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. — "African American Slave Narratives: An Anthology" , Sterling Lecater Bland, 2001
April 13, 2013
AnWulf commented on the word mikel
mikel - mickle, great, intense, much, many, huge, enormous
AnWulf commented on the word sitzfleisch
sitzfleisch - patience, endurance, staying power, persistence, determination, stedfastness, tholemod ... also someone's bottom.
sitzfleisch - patience, endurance, staying power, persistence, determination, steadfastness, tholemod ... also someone's bottom.
April 12, 2013
AnWulf commented on the word agive
From OE agiefan — to pay, repay, restore, return; giv, impart, deliver, giv up, giv back, yield, relinquish
AnWulf commented on the word todal
OE todal — partition, division, separation; difference, distinction, discretion; dispersion: 'comma', dividing point, clause, section, period.
AnWulf commented on the word hallanshaker
Right dauntingly she answered him,“Begone ye hallanshaker.Jog on your gate ye blether skyte,my name is Maggie Lauder”.— Maggie Lauder
April 10, 2013
AnWulf commented on the word eftest
Could also be from eath (easy) ... OE eaþ.
AnWulf commented on the word Dogberry
Dogberry – an ignorant, self-important official(From the name of a foolish constable in Shakespeare's "Much Ado about Nothing".)
AnWulf commented on the word dogberry
dogberry – an ignorant, self-important official(From the name of a foolish constable in Shakespeare's "Much Ado about Nothing".)
AnWulf commented on the word gandermooner
gandermooner – A husband who strays each month, during the "time of month" when his wife is "unavailable".From the Dict. of Obsolete English:Gander, v. To ramble about without object.Gandermonth, s. The month in which a man's wife is confined. Gandermooner, one who acts the gallant at that season. To go a gandering, to gallant during this season.
AnWulf commented on the word bridelope
The oldest Germanic word for "wedding" is represented by Old English brydlop (also brydhlop) (liken Old High German bruthlauft, Old Norse bruðhlaup), literally "bride run," the conducting of the woman to her new home. Bride can also mean wedding ... It could also mean the newly wed twosome going to their new home.In early kennings ("bride-banquet") the brýd could as well mean "wedding" as "the marrying woman", and indeed sometimes ("bridal couple") it cannot to be only about the woman. At first brýd was a broader term which "had the force of ‘bridal, wedding’ (the primitive marriage being essentially the acquisition of a bride)". (OED) Thus the brýdguma (bridegroom) was not 'the bride's man'; he was 'the wedding man'.
AnWulf commented on the word gamp
A gamp is a cloth that contains a set of color stripes in the warp that are crossed by a set of color stripes in the weft. "the colorful gamp that has matching warp and weft will be hemmed for a table runner"
April 9, 2013
AnWulf commented on the word phyrne
phryne - a spectacular legal stuntEllsworth Toohey wrote in his column: "Mr. Roark pulled a Phryne in court and didn't get away with it."– Ayn Rand, The Fountainhead, ch. XIII
April 6, 2013
AnWulf commented on the word alay
alay from OE alecgan1. To mix; to reduce or lower by mixing; 2. To place, lay down, throw down, suppress, lay aside, cease from, lay low; depress; to apply.He must beware of alle such thinges as may chafe him: if he drinketh wine let him alaye it, or let it be soure. — Hulibush's Homish Apothecary, fol. 41.Take creme of almondes, and alay hit with flour of rys, ... - Warner, Antiq. Culin., p. 83.Take almandes blanched, grynd hem, and alay hem up with the same broth. — Forme of Cury, p.10.
April 5, 2013
AnWulf commented on the word Geflugelte Worte
Geflügelte Worte : der Zitatenschatz des deutschen Volkes. Gesammelt underläutert ... Winged Words: The famous quotes of the German folk. Gather'd andexplained.
AnWulf commented on the word mimp
pursed or puckered lips
April 3, 2013
AnWulf commented on the word shrepe
to clear ... The fog begins to shrepe yonder. Said to be from ON skreppa.
April 2, 2013
AnWulf commented on the word cabobble
cabobble - To mystify, puzzle, or confuse.Eyeing her guest with humor, she said, “My friend, I see you are in that state where thoughts cabobble you, but they need not. … " — "Time Slipping", Jeanne Mcelvaney, 2012, p211
AnWulf commented on the word Gegenschein
noun Astronomya patch of faint nebulous light sometimes seen in the night sky opposit the position of the sun. It is thought to be the image of the sun reflected from gas and dust outside the atmosphere.
AnWulf commented on the word unsoulclogged
Unsoulclogged – Not weighed down in spirit.
April 1, 2013
AnWulf commented on the word shenship
shenship - disgrace
AnWulf commented on the word spidireen
spidireen — an imaginary vessel. If a sailor doesn't want to tell what ship he belongs to, he can say, "The spidireen frigate with nine decks."
AnWulf commented on the word vootery
deceit, deception, deceptfulBe not afraid and be not sullen sick,” she went on, “for though the seed of battle be sewn by vootery of the darkest nature, in the end it is ours who will reap the victory … ” — "Shaturanga: The Story of Onusy", Brian Snelson, p129; 2003
AnWulf commented on the word bearm
emotion, stir, excitement ... And Jim Sutherland rushed up in another bearm, telling Uncle, "Cross over." ... Leslie Dykstra, "Puryear's Hornpipe"
March 28, 2013
AnWulf commented on the word trumlic
Powerful, vigorous, firm, durable ... "Trumlic you look and gay!" --Maristan Chapman, "The Happy Mountain"
AnWulf commented on the word overbraeden
To spread out, overshadow, cover over ... "The moving light of morning passed down the slope and overbraedened the side of Cragg Hill southward of Lowes' cabin." --Maristan Chapman, The Happy Mountain
AnWulf commented on the word riff
Likely from a shortening of riffle.
March 24, 2013
AnWulf commented on the word boonwork
February 28, 2013
AnWulf commented on the word gaff
For gaff meaning loud talk or harsh treatment: Perhaps from Old English gafsprǣc (“buffoonery, scurrility; blasphemous or ribald speech”), from Old English gaf (“base, vile, lewd”) + Old English sprǣc (“language, speech, talk”) From Edgar Rice Burrows, Beyond Thirty (aka The Lost Continent):"Numbers one, two, and five engines have broken down, sir," he called. "Shall we force the remaining three?""We can do nothing else," I bellowed into the transmitter."They won't stand the gaff, sir," he returned."Can you suggest a better plan?" I asked. "No, sir," he replied. "Then give them the gaff, lieutenant," I shouted back, and hung up the receiver.
August 31, 2012
AnWulf commented on the word wrakedom
April 7, 2012
AnWulf commented on the word ricedom
From OE ricedom: power, rule, dominion: Ðín rícedóm ofer ús ríxie ... usually translated as: 'thy kingdom come' (word for word: Thy rikedom over us govern ...)(O. Sax. ríki-dóm power : O. Frs. ríke-dóm : O. H. Ger. ríhhi-tuom imperium; divitiae : Icel. rík-dómr power; wealth.)
April 6, 2012
AnWulf commented on the word rikedom
AnWulf commented on the word vath
vath - danger 1909, John Barbour, The Bruce, Volume 1, edition digitized, Adam and Charlie Black, published 2020, page 124: With few menyhe mycht soyn thame scath, / And yhet eschape withouten vath.
March 29, 2012
AnWulf commented on the word ingang
@ bilby ... No from Middle English ingang, from Old English ingang.
February 14, 2012
AnWulf commented on the word reinheitsgebot
From German meaning "purity law" (Reinheit=purity, Gebot=law, order (see gebod)) ... normally associated with brewing beer.Pronounced like /rine-HITE-ge-bote/ or with diacritics: /rīn-HĪT-ge-bōt/
February 7, 2012
AnWulf commented on the word gebod
Old English and Dutch: order, command, mandate Pronounced with a long ō ... /ge-BODE/.
AnWulf commented on the word rike
Unlike many words in Uncleftish Beholding (cleverly done), the word rike IS a standing English word and not made up.For al þis rike A ded knyght wald I noght strike. — Seven Sages, a1425The bishop (Tunstal) of Durham was deprived of his bishop-rike. —Literary Remains of King Edward the Sixth, 1857
January 27, 2012
AnWulf commented on the word dwaal
From the OED: dwaal |dwɑːl|noun S. African a dreamy, dazed, or absent-minded state: You're in a real dwaal !
January 26, 2012
AnWulf commented on the word berg
From Middle English bergh, berg, from Old English berg, beorg (“mountain, hill”).
January 22, 2012
AnWulf commented on the word samod
samod - I. adv. simultaneously, at the same time, together; entirely; also, as well, too. II. prep. together with, at (of time) compare to Ger. sammt.
January 5, 2012
AnWulf commented on the word nutte
nutte, n — use, usefulness; nought to nuttes, of no use, useless.c1275 Layamon's Brut: A he seide þat Bruttes neoren noht to nuttes, ah he seide þat þe Peohtes weoren gode cnihtes.
December 27, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word gemote
"I will to the West, and gemote alle mie knyghtes" — Thomas Chatterton, "The Rowley Poems", 1778
December 21, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word boten
Old plural form of bote, bot.
December 19, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word maegbot
From the OED: A fine to be paid as compensation to a close kinsman of the victim of a killing.Other forms: magbote, maegbotesee also manbot
AnWulf commented on the word seadrake
From OE sædraca*sea-dragon
December 17, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word kith and kine
I think this is an eggcorn of kith and kin. Albeit, an old one. The word kith more generally refers to friends and acquaintances while kin refers to family ... thus kith and kin means "friends and family".The word kine is an archaic plural of cow. So kith and kine would mean "friends and cows".Kin and Kine would make more sense than kith and kine. Other than a play on words in a book about cows, I haven't found "kith and kine" used.In ME English we find such spelling variations: Oþer whyle þou muste be fals a-monge kythe & kynne. ... and here kynne = kin.So I think this is nothing more than eggcorn.
AnWulf commented on the word freca
OE - warrior, heroDescendantfreke
December 11, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word freke
Go not forthe as a dombe freke. — Book of Courtesy, 1475From ME freke, from OE freca.plural - frekes or freken1. A brave man, a warrior, a man-at-arms* Þen found he no frekes to fraist on his strenght. — Destruction of Troy, 1540* There was never a freke one foot would flee, but still in stour did stand,” — Henry Morley, A Bundle of Ballads, 18912. A man, a human being, a person*þes fifti, alle ferliche freken. — St. Katherine of Alexandria, 1225*Go not forthe as a dombe freke. — Book of Courtesy, 14753. A creature such as a giant, demon, angel*Bringing my love, for Time’s a freke of jealous strain; — Richard F. Burton, The Book of The Thousand Nights And A Night, 1885
AnWulf commented on the word fusen
Middle English1. To send or bring speedily; to hasten; to launch, to hurl a weapon; to proceedHe lette þider fusen al þat he hafde ihalden, þat corn of þissen londe. — Layamon's Brut, 12752. To put to flight; pursue, to banish, to rush or charge atOþer þu heom fusen, oþer þu heom feolle. — Layamon's Brut, 12753. To urge on or exhortRelated to fus.
AnWulf commented on the word fus
fus (foos) - striving forward, eager for, ready for, inclined to, willing, promptexpectant, brave, noble: ready to depart, dying. >>> ME fous >>> fouseSame root:fûse = fûslîcefûslêoþ n.- death-song, dirge.fûslic - ready to start: excellent. fûslîce adv - readily, gladly. fûsnes f. - quickness
December 10, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word fela
fela - I. sbn. and adj. - many, much II. adv. very much, many. .. (fele; Ger. viel)
December 9, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word forthen
adv. even, exactly, quite, already, just as, at first, further, previously; from OE forþum, forþan, forþon.
December 7, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word fele
Also spelled fela (OE fela) ... As a noun/pronoun = many, majorityAs an adj =many, much, various comparativ ... feler (more), felest (most)As an adv = very, greatly The felest = the majority
AnWulf commented on the word upstare
I have no people living ; none, Thank God ! will mourn me there, Dreaming in misery of one Whose clouded eyes upstare--Collected poems of Alexander G. Steven
December 4, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word urgrund
urgrund: basis; primary principle, cause or factor.Other words with ur- urtext, ursprache
AnWulf commented on the word gainclapp
counterstroke, counterblow, riposteByspel: Patton's gainclapp against the Germans at the Battle of the Bulge crushed their offensive.
December 2, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word swinkful
swink + ful (a) Full of toil, toilsome; laborious, arduous; of pain: toilsome, distressing, full of travail(b) hard-working, diligent (c) as noun: those who toil or labor.
December 1, 2011
AnWulf commented on the list eosin-english
huru, umbe are two more good ones
AnWulf commented on the word whilwende
whilwende (adj.) Also (early) whilende; from OE hwilwende, hwilende (transitory, temporary)*transitory, temporary
November 30, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word beshone
beshone - beautified, lighted, enlightened, brightened, well lit
AnWulf commented on the word kire
From ME kire (also cyre, cure), from Old English cyre (choice, free will).*choice, preference*chosen, the elite*custom; customary*free will*decision, selectionBigamie is unkinde ðing, On engleis tale, twie-wifing; for ai was rigt and ***kire*** bi-forn, On man, on wif, til he was boren. — "Genesis and Exodus"Japanese:kire (hiragana きれ)切れ: sharpness; cloth; slice
AnWulf commented on the word gainsay
Benote gainsay? Eath!Luke 21:15 KJVFor I will give you a mouth and wisdom, which all your adversaries shall not be able to gainsay nor resist .Other gain- words:gainclap (also gainclapp) - counterstroke, counterblow, ripostegaincope - head off, cut offgainstand - to stand againstgainstrive - to strive against
AnWulf commented on the word gainclap
counterstroke, counterblow, ripostePatton's gainclap against the Germans at the Battle of the Bulge crushed their offensive.
AnWulf commented on the word agenbite
"The Weekly Standard" moved the writ to: herehttp://www.weeklystandard.com/Content/Public/Articles/000/000/015/094mwbwu.asp
November 28, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word dalf
delve, dalf, dolven
AnWulf commented on the word inwit
Inwit, a term for conscience, suggests the inner senses and interior sensibility, which accords nicely with the current state of the senses under the regime of electric technologies. — Marshall McLuhan, The Agenbite of Outwit, 1998
AnWulf commented on the word dolven
Also means "buried".
AnWulf commented on the word witcraft
It argues that a rhetorical approach maintains space for agency on the behalf of employees (through the *witcraft* of argument) ... — Gillian Symon, Developing the Political Perspective on Technological Change Through Rhetorical Analysis, Management Communication Quarterly, Vol. 22, No. 1., 2008
November 27, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word swikeful
Of persons: perfidious, traitorous, false, deceitful; of behavior: treacherous.
November 25, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word beknow
(a) To know or realize (sth.), be aware of; realize(b) to recognize (sb.); beknown: known, acquainted.
AnWulf commented on the word ferrups
I think it has been besteaded by frack/frak ... What the frack? What a frack up! LOL
November 23, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word lude
From Middle English lude (“noise, clamor, sound”), from Old English hlȳd (“noise, sound, tumult, disturbance, dissension”), from Proto-Germanic *hlūdijō (“sound”), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱlewe- (“to hear”). Cognate with Scots lood, luid (“sound, noise, tone, voice”), Dutch geluid (“sound”), German Laut (“sound”), Swedish ljud (“sound”), Icelandic hljóð (“sound”).lude (n), (plural luden)*** Sound, noise, clamor- Þa hunten wenden æfter mid muchelen heora *lude*. — Layamon's Brut- Þa *luden* heo iherden of þan Rom-leoden. — Layamon's Brut
November 22, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word beteld
verb from OE to cover, hem in, surround: overload, oppress ... root is teld (tent) other verbs with teld as the root: upteld, unteld.
AnWulf commented on the word seldseen
And seldseen costly stones of so great price — Marlowe, The Jew of Malta... and awakening, saw a serpent like a dragon, a seldseen sight, — The Arabian Nights
AnWulf commented on the word gewiss
Nounġewiss n*certainty, surety, that which is certainAdjective*certain, sure*trustworthy, reliable; knowing, awareUsage notesWhen used adverbally with mid, (i.e. mid ġewisse), the word means "especially", or "certainly"Also gewis
AnWulf commented on the word gewis
Also gewissNounġewis n*certainty, surety, that which is certainAdjective*certain, sure*trustworthy, reliable; knowing, awareUsage notesWhen used adverbally with mid, (i.e. mid ġewisse), the word means "especially", or "certainly"
AnWulf commented on the word foreset
From Middle English foresetten, from Old English foresettan (“to place before, shut in, propose, prefer, precede”), equivalent to fore- + set.Verbforeset (present participle foresetting, simple past and past participle foreset)*To set before or in front of ... thus to propose, suggest*To ordain; assign; allot in advance.Derived Terms: foresettingNounforeset (plural foresets)*That which is set ahead or before; proposal, suggestion.*(geology) The deposition of sediment by the turbidity currents above the reservoir water level.Derived Terms: (geology) foreset bedAdjectiveforeset (comparative more foreset, superlative most foreset)Set in fore or front part; placed ahead.
November 21, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word foredraft
foredraft (plural foredrafts)***Land leading from a dwelling to a road or field.Farm containing messuage, barns, stable, buildings, gardens, foldyard and rickyard (1.1.39), the lane or Foredraft … — Shropshire Archives, 1835He returned at last, and pointing to a tree that stood over on the far side of the foredraft which led up to the farm,… — A Modern Antaeus, 1901We would have scurried across the farmyard, scattering the flustered fowl as we went, then down the foredraft to wait by the gate… — Richard P. Mayer, The Young Gongoozler, 2010***A current of air that flows forwardIf the connections to the two plenums are air-tite, then there will be a back draft in one stream and a foredraft … — HVAC-Talk, 2006Not phased by trucks or light winds. You drift into their foredraft and then back out of their backdraft as one solid unit … — TundraTalk, Towing Report, 2007The freight, after passing through Brick Station, would switch onto a trunk line and skirt the yards on its way north to Chicago. He listened intently, and picked up the foredraft of its cattle cars. — C.K. Robin, Judas Goat: A Fable***(nautical) The draft at the fore perpendicular. Also "fore draft".... wherein said foredraft part includes at least a moorage hull part, — Floating offshore structure : U.S. Patent Number 4,519,728, 1985***proposal
November 20, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word doven
@sionnach ... I think you meant "was likened" or maybe you mean "is likened"? I've never heard a hot water bottle called a bedoven but if it burst then you might be bedoven in hot water! The comparison was doven to bedoven. Bedoven is the past participle of the archaic bedive.
November 18, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word snape
From Middle English snape (“to nip, injure, afflict; cold, nipping; to rebuke, revile, criticize”), also snaipen, from Old Norse snepya (“to outrage, dishonor, disgrace”)Verb - snape (simple past and past participle snaped)1. (Shipbuilding) To bevel the end of a timber to fit against an inclined surface.2. to nip, injure, afflictÞe snawe snitered ful snart, þat snayped þe wylde. — Sir Gawain and the Green Knight3. to be hard upon, rebuke, snub, criticizeVte of desert þar he was in, He com to snaip þe king sinn. — Cursor Mundi
November 17, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word tofall
Also to-fall ... at to-fall of the day — A. E. Houseman, More Poems, XLIV
AnWulf commented on the word behight
Behight v. t. (past behight; past part. behight, behoten)
November 14, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word sunglade
Sun-glade or sun glint - Both of these terms refer to a type of bright reflection of the sun from the surface of a water body. This may be observed from an aircraft flying over a large lake, or even in visible weather satellite imagery. In fact sun glint seen in visible satellite imagery often appears as a large bright region over the tropical ocean areas. Small brighter spots of sun glint over otherwise dark ocean surfaces indicate relatively calm seas (glassy and smooth) with very light surface winds.
AnWulf commented on the word sun-glade
AnWulf commented on the word glade
from ME glāde (n) ... also glode, glede; from OE *gæld, *gæld bright place (see glæd adj.)(a) a gleam of light (moonglade) ... thus:(b) A bright space, an open space (everglade); also, an open or cleared space in a forest; (c) a bright patch of sky; the bright space between clouds(d) a bright surface of snow/ice ... a glade of ice(e) an open space in the ice on a river or lake
AnWulf commented on the word froward
froward - (of a person) difficult to deal with; contrary.frowardly - adverb,frowardness - noun
rike - (ME rike, OE ríce, ) - (a) Sovereignty, dominion, authority; fongen (taken) to ~, to ascend the throne, take up royal power; (b) the territory over which authority extends, a kingdom, an earldom, a diocese, district, city, etc.riken - to reign, to ruleOE ríce I. strong, powerful, great, mighty, of high rank, II. n. rule, reign, power, might, authority, empire, fón tó ríce to ascend the throne: kingdom, nation, diocese, reign (period of time). Se sunu feng to þam rice (The son ascended the throne.)rícedom n. kingly ruleríceter, rícetere n. force, might, power, rule, dominion, glory, greatness; ambition; tyranny, oppression, violence.ríclic sumptuous, adv. -líce (like) powerfully; sumptuously, (rikely)rícsere m. ruler (riker)rícsian to bear rule, reign, govern, tyrannize, dominate, prevail. (to rike)rícsiend m. ruler
rícsung f. domination
November 6, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word zwinger
zwinger - a fortress protecting a city . Origin of ZWINGER. G, fr. MHG twinger
AnWulf commented on the word benomen
Past participle of benim ... benim, benom, benomen
November 5, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word benim
benim, benom, benomen ... or benim, benam, benumen (from benumen we have benumb)He þrowede for us and binom ure sunnan. (He suffered for us and benom our sins.) - ''Homilies in Lambeth''Ich wene, er we hom come, Clarel ous worþ bynome.(I ween, before we came home, Clarel benome us of our worth.) - ''Otuel''That hadde his breth almost bynomen. (That had his breath almost benomen.) - ''Romance of the Rose''A man that is benomyn on his legges or on his arms or in any oþer place of hyme. (A man that is benomen on his legs or on his arms or in other place of him.) - ''Medical Recipes'' 1485, Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Book XVI:there he founde a chayre sette, on the lyffte syde which was a worme-etyn and fyeble tre besyde hit, and on the ryght honde were two floures lyke a lylye: and that one wolde a benomme the tothir hir whyghtnes.
November 4, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word dright
From ME dighten, from OE dryhten (i) m. ruler, king, lord, prince; the Lord, God, Christ, 'drightin'
November 3, 2011
Past participle of dive ... dive, dove, doven. Liken to bedoven.
AnWulf commented on the word ettle
From Old Norse ǣtla (to think, mean, suppose, intend, purpose) and from Old English eahtan (pursue, estimate, appreciate) and eahtian (æ, e) (to estimate, esteem, consult about, consider, deliberate: watch over, speak of with praise). Ger. achteneahtung f. estimation, valuation, deliberation, counsel.
AnWulf commented on the word latch
It was latch, laught, laught ... and catch was catch, catched, catched ...
November 2, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word pronk
From Afrikaans, literally ‘show off’, from Dutch pronken ‘to strut.’Thus pronk-bedden are show beds.
AnWulf commented on the word thereanent
thereanent - Concerning that; regarding or respecting that matter.
AnWulf commented on the word eftsoons
eftsoons ... forefast (prefix) eft + soon + s.eft- = re-, again, after
AnWulf commented on the word wlatsome
In ME it was wlātsom.
October 30, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word umbecast
(a) Hunt. To search for the spoor, explore; -- used of either the hunter or the hound; ~ abouten, of the hunter: cast about, explore; of the hound: sniff around;(b) to search (a place) thoroughly; also, hunt. seek (the quarry);(c) to surround (sb., sth., a place), encircle, beset; of a bird: circle around (an area);(d) to bind (sth.) with cords, tie up;(e) to cover (sb.) with a shadow, shade; -- used fig.
October 29, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word skift
skift - (a) A share, portion; lot, fate; (b) an effort, attempt, a tryskift (v) - (a) To divide or share out something; distribute, divide up; also, be divided; ~ in sonder, disperse (a group of people), scatter; ~ me even, give me my fair share; even skifted, evenly matched in number, in equal strength; (b) to arrange, ordain; arrange, ordain, cause to occur; also, rule (a country), manage (a horse); also, protect (sb.), save; be skifted of, evade, be rid of.From OE sciftan.
AnWulf commented on the word smiker
Smiker - beautiful, from ME smiker, beautiful; from OE smicer/smicor - beauteous, elegant, fair, tasteful.More/Most smiker ...
AnWulf commented on the word widderwin
Widderwin - opponent, adversary ... also spelled widerwin or witherwin from OE and ME witherwin.
October 27, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word noysom
noysom = annoysome, (a) Troublesome, difficult; disturbing; (b) harmful, injurious; (c) grievous; (d) troubled, sad; (e) irritable or irritating.
October 22, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word threap
Also spelled threpe. As a noun: (a) Contention, strife; battle; also, a battle, contest; without ~, without argument; without opposition; (b) insistence, importunity;
October 21, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word wode
1. Madness; also, an overmastering emotion, specif. rage or fury; for (pure) ~.2. In misc. adv. phrases with for prep.: for ~:(a) in a panic, frantically;(b) ferociously, fiercely;(c) intensely, furiously, like mad.
October 20, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word derf
1. (a) Bold, daring, courageous; valiant, doughty, noble (knight, king); (b) audacious, forward; impudent, wicked.2. Strong, sturdy, powerful; massive (hills); precious (jewel); great, boisterous (commotion); great (miracle). 3. (a) Fierce, dreadful, cruel; dreaded, painful; (b) wicked, sinful. 4.Difficult; hard (to do).
AnWulf commented on the word lenden
lendes and lenden are plurals of lende. Before it was "gird your loins" it was "gird the lendes"!Byspels: Tak we þe armor of God..gird þe lendis in trowþ.
October 19, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word lendes
AnWulf commented on the word lende
Before it was "gird your loins" it was "gird thee lendes"!Byspels: Tak we þe armor of God..gird þe lendis in trowþ.
AnWulf commented on the word loins
girden (up) lendes - to wrap (one's, someone's) loins; cover (one's) nakedness; fig. gird (one's) loins, prepare, get ready. lend or lende in the singular; lendes or lenden in plural.
alt singular is lendCould be lend, lende in singular lendes, lenden in plural.
girden (up) lendes - to wrap (one's, someone's) loins; cover (one's) nakedness; fig. gird (one's) loins, prepare, get ready. Alt plural is lenden.
Alternate plural for lendes (loins).
girden (up) lendes - to wrap (one's, someone's) loins; cover (one's) nakedness; fig. gird (one's) loins, prepare, get ready.
AnWulf commented on the word gird
From Middle English: girden (up) lendes - to wrap (one's, someone's) loins; cover (one's) nakedness; fig. gird (one's) loins, prepare, get ready. lendes = loins
AnWulf commented on the word aby
aby or abey - past: abought, past part.: abought 3rd person sing.: abys/abeys abying/abeying
AnWulf commented on the word hux
hux - from ME ... An insulting or derisive remark, a jeer; mockery.
October 18, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word besmith
besmith - from OE besmiþian, to work (in metal), forge, surround with forged work.
AnWulf commented on the word hosp
hosp - OE ... reproach, insult, contumely, blasphemy
AnWulf commented on the word hospword
hospword - hosp + word; abusive language, contemptuous expression, pejorativehosp - OE, reproach, insult, contumely, blasphemy
AnWulf commented on the word frakel
frakel (noun and adjective) - Vile, foul, wretched, worthless; this frakel world.fraced (adj) - Evil, wicked.
AnWulf commented on the word hospul
hospul - contemptible; from OE hospul based on hosp.
October 17, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word bedoven
bedoven - drenched, drowned; from the past particle of archaic bedive (immerse, submerge, drown)
October 16, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word awrite
awrite- from ME awritan from OE āwrītan meaning to write, write down, describe, compose;mark, inscribe, draw, carve, copy. 'awrite'
AnWulf commented on the word bewrite
bewrite- to write about, describe, copy, write to
AnWulf commented on the word bewry
Bewry - to cover, clothe, conceal, hide, cover up, cover over, protect.
October 15, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word bename
From OE benemnan - to name: stipulate, settle, declare, asseverate
October 13, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word skop
Variant of scop - poet
October 12, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word hof
hof n. - enclosure, court, dwelling, building, house, hall: temple, sanctuary.
October 11, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word queem
I think I like this spelling better than queme ... no qualms about how to say queem!
October 10, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word queme
Also spelled as queem.
AnWulf commented on the word dive
In OE there was no 'v' ... here, the f=v.bedofen - drowned ; pp. of bedúfan. (bedoven, pp of beduvan)dúfan - past: ðú dufe, pl. dufon; pp. dofen To DIVE, sink dove is just a mutation of the ú in the 2nd person (ðu duve); doven straight from dofen.In ME we have bedoven for "drenched" or "drowned":Alle hir body..semyd be dowen in blood (here w=v)- Life of Saint Christina Mirabilis of Saint Trudons St.Christina Mirab. (All her body seemed bedoven in blood.)
October 6, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word lofe
Variant of lof; see lof n. praise, glory, repute / song of praise, hymn. II. (in poems, skalds, skops) n. protection, help.Variant of love; (f = v).
October 3, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word lof
Also lofe; in both lof and lofe pronounce the 'o' long as in lofe.
lof n. praise, glory, repute / song of praise, hymn. II. (in poems, skalds, skops) n. protection, help.
AnWulf commented on the word umbe
It can be used alone ... umbe ... or as a prefix ... um ... umwelt (environment), umbeset (surround), umbecast (cast around), umthink (bethink, meditate, consider), umbethink (consider), umgang (circuit)
September 27, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word busk
Busk >>> from O.N. buask "to make oneself ready"
September 17, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word enkerly
Thene the emperour was egree, and enkerly fraynes. The answere of Arthure. - Morte Arthure
AnWulf commented on the word enker
The knygt in the enker gren. - Sir Gawayne and the Green Knight
AnWulf commented on the word erd
Often brooked as a forefast:eardbegenga m. inhabitant eardbegengnes f. habitationeardfæst settled, abidingeardgeard ¶ m. place of habitation, world. (Midgard)eardgyfu ¶ f. gift from one's native place. (erdgift)eardiend m. dwellereardiendlic habitableeardstapa m. wanderer (erdstapa - erd+stapa grasshopper)eardstede m. habitation (erdsted - erd+sted place)±eardung f. dwelling-abode, tabernacle. eardungburg f. city of habitation. eardunghûs n. tabernacle, habitation. (erdhouse)eardungstôw f. habitation, dwelling-place, tabernacle, CP. eardweall m. land-rampart, bulwark (earthwall)eardwîc ¶ n. dwelling. eardwrecca m. exileeardwunung f. dwelling in one's own country
September 16, 2011
From OE eard “native place, country, region, dwelling-place, estate, cultivated ground, earth, land”
September 15, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word upspring
Etymology - OE upspring - origin, birth, rising up
AnWulf commented on the word tole
To enticeAnd thus the young soldier is to be train’d on to the warfare of life; ... that more things be not represented as dangerous than really are so; and then, that whatever you observe him to be more frighted at than he should, you be sure to tole him on to by insensible degrees ... - "Some Thoughts Concerning Education"To lureIt is often necessary to tole a big stag, to induce him to leave the hind ...
September 14, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word umwelt
It means environment.
September 12, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word eath
Don't forget the comparatives: eather, eathest.
In OE, it was also a noun meaning an easy to do.Also can be used as a forefast (prefix) (hyphen not needed): eath-seen ... easily seen, clear, plain, clearlyeath-fare ... easy to travel overeath-find ... easy to find, easy to be foundeath-get ... easy to get, easily gotteneath-win ... easy to win, easily won, easily obtained... And many more!
AnWulf commented on the word tungol
OE tungol nm., nap. tunglu, tungol and (late) tunglan luminary, star, planet, constellation
September 10, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word starcraft
Starcraft is also Anglish for astronomy.
AnWulf commented on the word hench
This is UK slang ... per other info most likely London slang.The root of the word means horse: O.E. hengest "horse, stallion, gelding," from P.Gmc. **hangistas (cf. O.Fris. hengst, Du. hengest, Ger. Hengst "stallion"). Related to henchman (“high-ranking servant”).
AnWulf commented on the word gole
OE - gâl I. n. lust, luxury, wantonness, folly, levity. II. adj. gay, light, wanton, Bo, BH: proud, wicked. 'gole' This is a cognate with German "geil" as shown in ME:Gal, adj. lascivious, S; gole, pl., MD.—AS. gál; cp. OHG. geil
September 8, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word zia
Zia - fear, a Gadite (1 Chr. 5:13).Source: Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
AnWulf commented on the word rekels
Sounds like reekel. Shares the same root as reek.from OE recels(a) Incense, frankincense; ~ fat OE recels-fæt, a vessel for incense; a censer, thurible; (b) the smoke or aroma of incense; ~ smoke; (c) med. frankincense used in ointments, etc.; bastard ~, an inferior grade of incense; flour (poudre) of ~, ~ dust; fresh ~, whit ~, a superior grade of incense.
September 6, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word rekel
Should be rekels, said like reekel. Shares the same root as reek.from OE recels(a) Incense, frankincense; ~ fat OE recels-fæt, a vessel for incense; a censer, thurible; (b) the smoke or aroma of incense; ~ smoke; (c) med. frankincense used in ointments, etc.; bastard ~, an inferior grade of incense; flour (poudre) of ~, ~ dust; fresh ~, whit ~, a superior grade of incense.
AnWulf commented on the word hador
Hador - bright, clear: the clear, serene sky
September 1, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word snotor
snotor, snoter, snottor, snotter, snottra adj. - clever, wise, intelligent, prudent, discerning, sagacious
AnWulf commented on the word theow
theow is from þeow, ðeow - serf, servant, slavethew comes from þeaw, ðeaw - usage, custom, habit, conduct, disposition
August 30, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word glam
word, message, loudly-spoken message, loud talk, noise, din, chatter, merrymakingfrom Icel. glam, a tinkling sound, noise* 1888, A. L. Mayhew and Walter W. Skeat, "A Concise Dictionary of Middle English From A.D. 1150 To 1580", glamGod's glam to him ... "Purity" by GawainThe glam from the machinery was so loud, that we had to shout to be heard.
AnWulf commented on the word infaru
OE - infaru - invasion, incursion, inroad, march into a country
August 29, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word elfshine
From OE ælfscíene - bright as an elf or fairy, beautiful like an elf or nymph, of elfin beauty, radiant
AnWulf commented on the word fæger
æ = a in hatg = y
In Old and Middle English, fair = beautiful.Mirror, Mirror, on the wallWho is the fairest of them all? >>> Who is the most beautiful of them all.There's no 'i' ... This is a misspelling. ME is feierfæger ( ̄æ) I. fair, lovely, beautifulfæger- = fægr- fægerlice splendidlyfægernes f. fairness, beauty fægerwyrde smooth-speakingfægre ( ̄æ) fairly, elegantly, beautifullyfægrian to become beautiful: adorn, decorate.
AnWulf commented on the word fæigr
There's no 'i' ... This is a misspelling. ME is feierfæger ( ̄æ) I. fair, lovely, beautifulfæger- = fægr- fægerlice splendidlyfægernes f. fairness, beauty fægerwyrde smooth-speakingfægre ( ̄æ) fairly, elegantly, beautifullyfægrian to become beautiful: adorn, decorate.
AnWulf commented on the word wordstock
Wordstock - a stock of words, vocabulary, lexis, terminologyA kenning of word+stock. A stock or store of words.
August 24, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word huru
OE - huru, adverb: at least, at all events, at any rate, in any case, however, even, yet, only, indeed, certainly, especiallyIt is good for all wounds, huru for deep wounds.... huru not to a heathen nation ... or nay huru their humility could not avail aught, and huru not their pride
August 23, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word Anglish
Anglish - The melding of Anglo and English. The brook of words mostly with Anglo-Saxon, Scandinavian, or Germanic roots (Danish, Dutch, Frankish, Frisian, German, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish) while huru (OE -huru: especially) keeping away from un-Germanic French words and Latinates brought into the tongue after the year 1066.New kennings may be made or Anglo-Saxon/Old English words that were put aside for Latinates may be brought back.Writers differ on whether to brook words with Greek roots and words struck by eard-English speakers (OE-eard: native) with un-Germanic roots.
AnWulf commented on the word uncleft
Not hard to put it right for Anderson's oversights.ordinary - everyday ... The least uncleft is that of EVERYDAYwaterstuff.around - ringing ... prefix um (OE ym(b)) ...There is a heavy kernel with a forward bernstonish lading, and RINGING it one or more light motes with backward ladings.Early worldken folk thought bernstonebits UMswing/RINGS/LOOPS/ the kernel like the earth RINGS/LOOPS the sunroundaround board (orbit) - ring/loop/wheel path (OE hweollast)/whirlt (OE hwyrlt)This is readily seen when all are set forth in what is called the roundaround board of the firststuffs.
AnWulf commented on the word mote
n. A mote, an atom :-- Mot attomos, Wrt. Voc. i. 284, 37: ii. 8, 10. Mote atomo, 9, 62. Tó hwí gesihst ðú ðæt mot (festucam) on ðínes bróðor égan, Mt. Kmbl. 7, 3, 5. Ðú gesáwe gehwǽde mot on ðínes bróðor eáge, R. Ben. 12, 3. Ðæt lytle mot ... ðone mot, Lk. Skt. Lind. 6, 41, 42.Bosworth, J. (2010, March 21). An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary Online (T. N. Toller & Others, Eds.). Mot. Retrieved August 22, 2011, from http://bosworth.ff.cuni.cz/023189There is, AFAIK, no attested link between mot and mótan. Don't look at likeness and go from that.
August 22, 2011
AnWulf commented on the word frosent
frosent - apostle; John Cheke's Book of Matthew