American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- An ancient country of southwest Asia. It was an eastern province of the Persian Empire before its conquest by the Greeks in 328 B.C. The kingdom was destroyed c. 130 B.C. by nomadic tribes.
- From Ancient Greek Βακτριανή. (Wiktionary)
“Note 75: W.W. Tarn, The Greeks in Bactria and India, rev. 3rd ed.”
“36When Zhang Qian saw cloth and bamboo canes from Sichuan in Bactria of the late second century BCE, he suspected a route between Southwest China and India.”
“44While some scholars turn to the emergence of shubu and qiongzhu in Bactria to suggest the west-bound migratory pattern of materials, Joseph Needham advances the Bactria alloy theory to make the same argument.”
“JEFFREY BROWN: Objects from the second site show northern Afghanistan -- then called Bactria -- when it was a colony of Greece.”
“A big-screen TV showing a three-minute loop of a big gymnasium in northern Afghanistan (the region formerly known as Bactria).”
“Wu sent armies to the far western reaches of the empire to a nation called Bactria, an area we now know as Afghanistan, where tribesmen bred a horse with unusually strong, stout front legs and posture.”
“Bessus, the satrap of Bactria and kinsmen of Darius, had arrested the Persian king with the support of another eastern satrap named Barsaentes and were fleeing with him, unharmed at present, as a captive in a wagon.”
“They cut off Persia, Aria, and Drangiana from Bactria to the north and the valley of the Indus River to the east.”
“It was still deep winter in the Khawak Pass as the Macedonians entered the steep valley leading into Bactria.”
“The only way through these peaks was a small number of high passes such as those used by caravans crossing from the south to Bactria or the Khyber Pass linking the region to India.”
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