Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A bright-red intrinsic variable star, 527 light-years from Earth, in the constellation Orion.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. A bright-red supergiant intrinsic variable star, the second brightest star in the constellation Orion; Alpha (α) Orionis. It is the tenth brightest star in the nighttime, and one of the largest stars known.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the second brightest star in Orion

Etymologies

French Bételgeuse, ultimately from Arabic yad al-jawzā' : yad, hand; see yd in Semitic roots + al-, the + jawzā', Gemini (later also used for Orion); perhaps akin to jawz, center, middle.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Ultimately from an alteration of the Arabic يد الجوزا yad al-jawzā ‘hand of the central one’, from يد ‘hand’ + جوزا ‘central one’. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • The name Betelgeuse is from the Arabic Ibt al Jauzah, or Armpit of the Central One, via a long line of intermediate names.

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  • The name Betelgeuse itself is a corruption of the Arabic يد الجوزاء yad al-jawzā ( "hand of the central one").

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  • I don’t recall ever learning that the name Betelgeuse came from the Arabic bayt al jauza, meaning “in the house of the twins,” referring to the Heavenly Twins, Castor and Pollux, hanging out right above Orion.

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  • The red giant stage like Betelgeuse is short'then bang. "

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  • Other prominent reddish-orange stars include Antares whose name means "rival of Mars", which shines brightest on July and August evenings, and Betelgeuse, which is found in the constellation Orion and lights up the winter sky, according to StarDate.

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  • The Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (VIMS) observed Saturn atmosphere occultations of the stars alpha Orionis, alpha Canis Majoris, and alpha Canis Minoris, otherwise known as Betelgeuse, Sirius, and Procyon.

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  • Betelgeuse, which is a red supergiant and the ninth brightest star in the sky.

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  • Once above atmosphere, it would take sights on beacons such as Betelgeuse and lay a course to Irumclaw.

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  • "Betelgeuse" was a black cat abused by teens who likes to be brushed and is a fierce mouser.

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  • The Milky Way was not a distant smudge but a clear and vast disk of stars; the wispy Magellanic Clouds (two very near and star-packed galaxies) looked like so much celestial cotton candy; the supergiant star Betelgeuse (which gives off one hundred thousand times more light than our sun) glowed red.

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