“It was destroyed in 1009 by the Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim, reconstructed by the Byzantines with Muslim agreement in 1048, taken by the knights of the First Crusade in 1099, lost again to Saladin in 1187, regained by Frederick II in the 13th century, subjected to a Khwarezmian interlude in 1244, and renovated by the Franciscans in 1555.”
“It is a 13,000-square-meter structure designed by the Egyptian duo Rami El Dahan and Soheir Farid, who drew inspiration from Cairo's Fatimid mosques.”
“Beirutis still kept pigeons on their roofs, an ancient practice the Arabs used during the Crusades to send messages from besieged cities and once, in the tenth century, to send fresh cherries from Lebanon to the Fatimid caliph in Egypt.”
“He meandered through the labyrinthine alleys and bazaars of the Hussein district, the medieval city, learning its Fatimid and Mamluk history and comparing their architecture.”
“However, the Berbers repeatedly rose against the Arabs, and in the 9th cent. they supported the Fatimid dynasty in its conquest of N Africa.”
“Moses Maimonides, the leading figure in twelfth-century Cairo, disapproved of educating women, and his influence on Judaism proved stronger than the liberal trends in Fatimid society.”
“Nowhere was this more documented than in Egypt, from 900 to 1300 under the Fatimid dynasty.”
“During the late 12th century, the castle survived two major assaults -- the first by the Fatimid sultan Nur al-Din, and the second by the great Arab general Saladin.”
“Druze faith: A highly secretive tradition and a closed community that derives from the Ismaili sect of Islam; its core beliefs are thought to emphasize a combination of Gnostic principles believing that the Fatimid caliph, al-Hakin, is the one who embodies the key aspects of goodness of the universe, which are, the intellect, the word, the soul, the preceder, and the follower.”
“Relations between the Fatimid and Byzantine empires during the reign of the caliph al-Mustans ir bi'llah, 1036-1094/427-487, by K.E.F. Thomson, pp.50-62”
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