American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- Freneau, Philip Morin Known as "the poet of the American Revolution.” 1752-1832. American poet noted for his satirical attacks on the British and for The British Prison-Ship (1781), an account of his wartime capture and imprisonment.
“Caron, as Catherine Freneau, a teacher and daughter of a French diplomat, and her charges have been stranded along the way trying to escape the Japanese advance.”
“Even something as innocuous as Washington's birthday celebration Freneau mocked as a "monarchical farce" that exhibited "every species of royal pomp and parade.”
“Jefferson gave Freneau a nominal job as a translator in the State Department and in his free time Freneau smacked Hamilton in prose.”
“Rival journalist Richard Fenno, who was himself aligned with Washington rather than Jefferson, accused Freneau of being a "demon of slander," and Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton, who often felt the sting of Freneau's articles, condemned Jefferson for paying Freneau with public funds, though to no avail.”
“What makes Freneau so interesting is that George Washington's secretary of state, Thomas Jefferson, hired Freneau to work as a minor clerk at the State Department; however, his real responsibility was to galvanize, through his newspaper, Republican opposition to the administration he served.”
“Where Freneau ridiculed Fenno's "court sycophantism," Bache published a scathing account of William Cobbett's personal life -- the eccentric Englishman, who had come to the U.S. in the early 1790s, published the pro-British Porcupine's Gazette -- and one cartoon even pictured Cobbett as acting upon the urgings of the "devil.”
“Sick of the constant tirades against the government, an outraged President Washington called on Jefferson to put a stop to Freneau.”
“He instigated the savage attacks by the anti-Federalist National Gazette editor Philip Freneau on John Adams, once his fast friend, and was flummoxed rather than ashamed at being caught out paying Freneau to be his mouthpiece.”
“Freneau wrote pieces that rambled on about how Independence was supposed to make life better for everybody and not just enrich the fatcat merchant elite.”
“Philip Freneau, the editor of the National Gazette, regularly denounced Washington as a monarchist: "He holds levees like a King, receives congratulations on his birthday like a King, makes treaties like a King, answers petitions like a King, employs his old enemies like a King.”
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