American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- Lysenko, Trofim Denisovich 1898-1976. Soviet biologist and agronomist. As director of the Institute of Genetics of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (1940-1964), he had an adverse effect on Soviet agricultural development because of his belief in the genetic theory that acquired characteristics can be inherited.
- n. Soviet geneticist whose adherence to Lamarck's theory of evolution was favored by Stalin (1898-1976)
“According to the newspapers, housing is in the doldrums, but Cramer had strong words for what he called the Lysenko-style phony science and "pure Soviet style reporting.”
“For you to compare Rupert Sheldrake to Lysenko is absolutely disgusting and vile.”
“Comparing someone to Lysenko is like comparing someone to Himmler.”
“I believe one of the things that happened was a man called Lysenko, a great adviser and theoretician in the field of agriculture who had much influence.”
“Here is an example: one long paragraph starts out with what appears to be an account of how Jacob tried to decide what kind of research he wanted to do in the beginning of his scientific career and ends with criticisms of Soviet genetics under Lysenko and French communists.”
“When you combine the brilliance of central planning with the might of Soviet industry and the genius of Lysenko, nothing is impossible.”
“The charismatic peasant Trofim Lysenko ingratiated himself to cpmmunist party leaders and wound up forcing an ideologically driven agriculture contradicted by science.”
“Peasants were given outrageously optimistic grain production quotas based on Lysenko's assumptions.”
“T.D. Lysenko, the dominant Soviet voice in genetics from the mid-1930s to the mid-1960s, felt that evolutionary theory had too many capitalistic overtones and demanded that genetics research in the Soviet Union conform with Marxist ideology.”
“But the phenomenon of prenatal influence on post-natal outcomes -- which can then impact subsequent generations, say if the non-diabetic child becomes a mother -- reminds us of Trofim Lysenko, the Soviet scientist who preached the inheritance of acquired traits.”
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