Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A genus of gamopetalous plants, the primroses, type of order Primulaceæ and the tribe Primuleæ, characterized by a conspicuous salver-shaped corolla, with five opposite stamens borne on its long tube, and by a roundish five-valved and one-celled capsule, containing many peltate seeds. There are about 130 species, mainly mountain-dwellers of Europe and Asia, with 5 in the United States, 1 in extreme South America, and 1 in the mountains of Java. They are beautiful low-growing plants, with perennial rootstocks. The leaves are all radical, obovate or roundish, entire or toothed, and form a spreading tuft. The flowers are dimorphous, some having a short style and stamens borne high up on the tube, others opposite in both respects. They are white, pink, purple, or yellow in color, grouped in bracted umbels — in the true primrose, however, appearing as if on separate stalks. The common P. veris of Europe and northern Asia, elsewhere in gardens, with yellow or straw-colored flowers in early spring, has three varieties, often regarded as species, corresponding to the names prim-rose (P. vulgaris), cowslip or pagle (P. veris), and oxlip (P. elatior). It is, however, generally believed that P. elatior is a good species, indigenous, though rare, in England, called
Bardfield oxlip; and, according to Darwin, P. vulgaris and P. veris are also distinct, while the common oxlip is a hybrid between them. (See the above common names, and herb-peter (St.-Peter's-wort), lady-key, petty mullen (under mullen), and palsywort.) Numerous other species are beautiful and more or less cultivated. See auricula, baziers, bear's-ear, dusty-miller, French cowslip (under cowslip), polyanthus, and primrose.
- n. [lowercase] Any plant of the genus Primula.
- n. [lowercase] In dyeing, Hofmann's violet.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Bot.) The genus of plants including the primrose (Primula vera).
- n. any of numerous short-stemmed plants of the genus Primula having tufted basal leaves and showy flowers clustered in umbels or heads
“ACCENT – STANDARD R.P. [PRIMULA BRANDYBUCK] Primula is a bright, lively and pretty young Hobbit.”
“Dear Darwin, -- I ought to have written before to thank you for the copies of your paper on "Primula" and on "Cross Unions of Dimorphic Plants, etc.”
“In Primulas, such as Primula versis, there are three loci that code for flower and pollen morphology.”
“Ben hasn't revealed what they bought, but I'm guessing Jus-Rol vol-au-vent pastry, Primula cheese, bacon bits and conditioner for Kate's lovely hair, which uni friends now remember as the loveliest, most fragrant hair ever grown out of a head in the whole of Christendom.”
“I have several of your natives growing here, including non scripta and the Primula veris and nearly included them in this post.”
“Back to the base of the daylily hill, at the imaginary feet of Athena is the delightful mix of forget me nots, spent grape hyacinth stalks, yellow acorus and the seed grown Primula veris with their heads up and showing some orange markings never seen before.”
“English bluebells, Hyacinthoides non-scripta and Primula veris have been spread there and are filling in nicely.”
“The primrose, Primula veris is said to preserve youth and beauty when worn or carried, or restore those traits if they have gone.”
“Now if you will excuse me, I off off to find a Primula veris, I am feeling the need!”
“You seem to have – or you had better have – a nice relationship with that Primula.”
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