American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- Shapley, Harlow 1885-1972. American astronomer noted for his work in cosmology, spectroscopy, and photometry.
- n. United States astronomer (1885-1972)
“The biggest concentration of matter seen by the survey is a previously known giant pileup of galaxies called the Shapley supercluster, which lies about 600 million light years from”
“The story of these interwoven discoveries includes battles of will, clever insights, and wrong turns made by the early investigators in this great twentieth-century pursuit, from the luminaries (Einstein, Hubble, Harlow Shapley) to the lesser known: Henrietta Leavitt, who discovered the means to measure the vast dimensions of the cosmos ...”
“Shapley value: 4 to A, 1 to B and 1 to C. Nucleolus: 6 to A, because A is the key in any solution and neither B nor C is required.”
“Do the axioms for the Shapley value or the nucleolus appeal?”
“The nucleolus is plausible because people actually come to it, and to the Shapley value, without any knowledge of game theory: TVA asked how to allocate the benefits of its dam and came up with the Shapley value, a generalized version of the Aristotelean proportionality rule that is sensitive to concerns about team play.”
“Again, even the earliest theories of the Galaxy's origin, without the basis of modern knowledge of the Milky Way, Shapley 1930 pg. 193 said;”
“Shapley was of the opinion that they were spiral structures within our own galaxy.”
“One of the evidences Shapley put forth was that another astronomer, Adriaan vanMaanen, had reported detecting rotation of these objects over a period of years leading to an overall rotation rate of ~105 years.”
“But, Mr. Terris," expostulated Shapley of San Francisco, "there will be trouble.”
“That's your job, Shapley, to face trouble and fight it.”
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