Definitions

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A writing system, similar to a syllabary, in which there is one glyph (that is a symbol or letter) for each consonant or consonantal phoneme. Some languages that use abjads are Arabic, Hebrew, Persian, and Urdu. Abjads differ from syllabaries (such as the Japanese hiragana) in that the vowel quality of each letter is left unspecified, and must be inferred from context and grammar.

Etymologies

Coined by Peter T. Daniels from the first four letters of the Arabic alphabet, a-b-j-d: أبجد (ʔábjad). Compare Greek α,β,γ,δ... (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Arabic uses a writing system that we haven't seen yet: an abjad, which is basically an alphabet that doesn't have any vowels-the reader must supply them.

    Lightly Toasted

  • According to the abjad system of reckoning, the numerical value of Tá is nine, which equals the numerical value of the name Bahá.

    The Kitáb-i-Aqdas

  • According to the abjad reckoning, the numerical value of each of these letters is 6, 1 and 6 respectively.

    The Kitáb-i-Aqdas

  • The abjad numerical value of this Arabic letter is five, which corresponds to the potential number of intercalary days.

    The Kitáb-i-Aqdas

  • "Tá", which is its equivalent in the abjad notation (see Glossary).

    The Kitáb-i-Aqdas

  • The term "alphabet" is something of a misnomer here, though, as Hebrew script is not in fact an alphabet, but an abjad; that is, a script with only consonants.

    Conservapedia - Recent changes [en]

  • However, the Hebrew script is not a pure abjad, either, and the characters alef, he, vav, and yod are sometimes (in the case of vav and yod, frequently) used to represent vowels.

    Conservapedia - Recent changes [en]

  • There are actually excellent calligraphic examples of another middle-eastern abjad.

    Lightly Toasted

  • This contrasts with an alphabet proper (in which vowels have a status equal to that of consonants) and with an abjad

    Lightly Toasted

  • What we call ktav ivri is a cuneiform script, is an abjad offshoot of the ancient Semitic alphabet, barely discernible from the Phoenician alphabet from which it was derived.

    DovBear

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Comments

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  • an alphabet that includes only consonants, indicating vowel sounds (if at all) by other kinds of marks. Hebrew and Arabic alphabets are adbjads.

    July 24, 2009

  • Is the same as alpeh and alpha.

    Ba, bet and beta.

    Ga, gimel, and gamma.

    The alphabet is fun.

    December 3, 2006

  • Formed from the first three letters of the Arabic one, this is a system of writing which includes only consonants. In the Semitic languages the abjad is fundamentally entwined with the novel grammar: the consonants in a word indicate its meaning, whilst the vowels (along with pre- or postfixes) indicate its form).

    December 3, 2006