Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To bind in a pledge of marriage; betroth.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To be betrothed to; to promise to marry.
  • n. Faith, trust.
  • n. A solemn engagement, especially a pledge of marriage.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Plighted faith; marriage contract or promise.
  • n. Trust; reliance; faith; confidence.
  • transitive v. To betroth; to pledge one's faith to for marriage, or solemnly promise (one's self or another) in marriage.
  • transitive v. To assure by promise.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To betroth; bind by promise of marriage: as, to affiance a daughter; to affiance one's self.
  • To assure by pledge or promise.
  • n. Trust; confidence; reliance.
  • n. The pledging of faith, as in contracting marriage; a solemn engagement; a marriage contract.
  • n. Affinity; intimate relation; connection.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. give to in marriage

Etymologies

From Middle English affiaunce, assurance, from Old French, from affier, to trust to, from Medieval Latin affīdāre : Latin ad-, ad- + Latin fīdus, faithful; see bheidh- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle French afiance < afier (< Medieval Latin affīdāre < *fīdāre < Latin fīdere) + -ance. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • For example, an apprentice's contract from the Guild of English Merchant Tailors for 1451 states that the apprentice is "not to commit fornication in or out of his master's house, nor make any contract of matrimony nor affiance himself without his master's permission."

    Jane Minogue: Rutting Teens...It Must be Spring

  • Miss Margland received Camilla with a civility which, since her positive and public affiance to Edgar, she thought necessary to the mistress of Beech Park; but she looked upon Dr. Marchmont, whom she concluded to have been her advocate, with a cold illwill, which, for Mr. Westwyn, she seasoned still more strongly by a portion of contemptuous haughtiness; from a ready disposition to believe every stranger, not formally announced, beneath her notice.

    Camilla

  • I am not to be deceived again, began to dawn: which I presume to flatter myself with being a happy omen for me, as if God Almighty would shew your poor sinful daughter, how well I did to put my affiance in his goodness, and not to throw away myself, because my ruin seemed inevitable, to my short-sighted apprehension.

    Pamela

  • This platform the two courts used to deny gay people their human right to affiance with whomever shares their affinity is built with the lumber of ignorance and vituperance that we find in the Old Testament published by the Fundie Christian Clearinghouse and nailed together with gift shop reproductions of the Nails of Christ.

    Logically Obese with Religious Candy

  • My prayers, I doubt, cannot be heard, since they have not that affiance with them that they used to be attended with.

    Sir Charles Grandison

  • But she said him that he had asked the destruction of their order for the trust and the affiance of that purse, and for the great pride that they should have.

    The Travels of Sir John Mandeville

  • Sir Gawaine, I will discover me unto your person: in Sir Launcelot and you I most had my joy, and mine affiance, and now have I lost my joy of you both; wherefore all mine earthly joy is gone from me.

    Le Morte d'Arthur: Sir Thomas Malory's book of King Arthur and of his noble knights of the Round table

  • But sche seyde him, that he had asked the destruccioun of here ordre; for the trust and the affiance of that purs, and for the grete pryde, that they scholde haven: and so it was.

    The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques and Discoveries of the English Nation

  • Then - affiance was betrayed; Goldoni was brutally murdered, and Okami, in his headquarters in Venice, had asked for Nicholas's help.

    Floating City

  • His truth be thine affiance, Das ewge wahre Gut 20

    Paul Gerhardt as a Hymn Writer and his Influence on English Hymnody

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