American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A unit of weight for precious stones, equal to 200 milligrams.
- n. Variant of karat.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. An old weight equal to a scruple, or the twenty-fourth part of an ounce troy.
- n. A unit of mass formerly used in various countries for weighing gold. It was generally the 24th part of a mark of gold, and was subdivided into 12 grains. It was commonly equal to about 150.5 troy grains.
- n. Hence A twenty-fourth part: specifically used in expressing the fineness of gold when used as jewelry. Thus, pure gold being considered as 24 carats fine, if two, six, or ten twenty-fourths of alloy (commonly copper or silver) is present, the gold is said to be 22, 18, or 14 carats fine, and so on. The gold used by jewelers is seldom over 18 carats fine, except in wedding-rings, the standard fineness of which is 22 carats. Gold of 18 carats fine is almost invariably used in mounting diamonds, while 14-carat gold is said to be ordinarily used in the United States for gold chains, etc.
- n. A unit of weight for precious stones, divided by jewelers into 4 grains, called diamond-grains, but equal to about 3⅙ troy grains, 151½ English carats being taken as equal to an ounce troy. In 1877 the weight of the carat was fixed by a syndicate of London, Paris, and Amsterdam jewelers at 205 milligrams, or 151.76 carats to the troy ounce. Under the translated form
κεράτιον, or ceratium, siliqua was adopted by Constantine into the system of weights of the empire as of an ounce, equal to 189 milligrams. In Italy it remained as a part of the system of weights, in general with the same relation to the ounce and with nearly the same value. The Arabic qirat was the 24th part of the mithkal, and was subdivided sometimes into 4, sometimes into 3 grains, its value for gems being very nearly 3 grains troy. The Castilian carat, of a Castilian ounce, or 3.164 troy grains, was, like the rest of the Castilian system, adopted from the Arabs. From Spain this has passed to the rest of Europe and to America, with only small modifications, less than unlegalized units commonly undergo under the name of the Amsterdam or diamond carat, which is usually divided into 64ths. Pearls are sold by the diamond-grain and not by the carat, while small baroque pearls, coral, rough garnets, and the inferior kinds of stones are sold by the ounce troy. The subdivisions of the carat are always expressed in fourths, eighths, sixteenths, etc.
- n. Often abbreviated car. or K.
- To try or refine (gold).
- n. An Arabian coin of base silver, current in Mecca, Medina, and Mocha.
- n. A unit of weight for precious stones and pearls, equivalent to 200 milligrams.
- n. Formerly, any of several units of weight, varying from 189 to 212 mg, the weight of a carob seed.
- n. A measure of the purity of gold, pure gold being 24 carats.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The weight by which precious stones and pearls are weighed.
- n. A twenty-fourth part; -- a term used in estimating the proportionate fineness of gold.
- n. the unit of measurement for the proportion of gold in an alloy; 18-karat gold is 75% gold; 24-karat gold is pure gold
- n. a unit of weight for precious stones = 200 mg
- Middle French carat, from Italian carato, from Arabic قيراط (qirāṭ, "husk"), from Ancient Greek κεράτιον (keration, "carob seed"), diminutive form of κέρας (keras, "horn"). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Old French, from Medieval Latin quarātus, from Arabic qīrāṭ, weight of four grains, from Greek kerātion, a weight, diminutive of keras, kerāt-, horn. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“A carat is 1/5 of a gram and about the size of a pink pearl eraser on a number-two pencil.”
“The first of these is referred to as the carat, which is a measurement of the weight.”
“- A carat is the unit of measure used to gauge the weight of precious stones, including diamonds.”
“Cibao, from which the mines of Cibao are named, whence comes that famous gold, superior in carat, which is held in great esteem here.”
“It is critical that you consider the carat weight of the gold jewellery you are considering and when comparing costs, ensure you are comparing fourteen carat gold jewellery, and not twelve carat, which is even less pure.”
“A carat is a measure of weight of precious stones.”
“• A carat is the standard unit of weight for diamonds.”
“This stone sold in July 2008 for $466,679 equivalent to $35,136 per carat, which is the highest price per carat achieved so far.”
“The basic unit for weighing gemstones is the carat, which is equal to one-fifth 91 / 5th of a gram.”
“But no matter their "carat" size, rhinestones are jewels anyone can afford.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘carat’.
It's an odd-looking pattern in English. Please add words if it makes you happy. :) K-POW! Wow @gulyasrobi!
Arabic loanwords in English are words acquired directly from Arabic or else indirectly by passing from Arabic into other languages and then into English. Most entered one or more of the Romance lan...
All these terms have a (different) American English equivalent. Wonder if you can identify them?
Words that can be pronounced identically but are spelled differently. I've started with unusual or extensive sets. In some of these sets, no one speaker would pronounce them all the same. I've trie...
just the next words that come along
Looking for tweets for carat.