Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A member of a body of insurgent royalists of Brittany and the west of France, consisting almost entirely of peasants, who rose in 1792 against the French republic, and carried on a guerrilla warfare of great bitterness. They were not repressed till 1800, and even after that occasional insurrections occurred down to the first years of the reign of Louis Philippe (1830–48).
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. One of the royalist insurgents in western France (Brittany, etc.), during and after the French revolution.
“He was a bit of a 'chouan'; born in Brittany of a parliamentary family, and ennobled by Louis XVIII.”
“This girl feels by instinct that which the chouan of a marquis feels by doctrine, the absurdity of this striving after nobility, with a father who forgets the broker and who talks of the popes of the Middle Ages as of a trinket! ....”
“This girl feels by instinct that which the chouan of a marquis feels by doctrine, the absurdity of this striving after nobility, with a father who forgets the broker and who talks of the popes of the Middle Ages as of a trinket! ...”
“François-Xavier d'Entrecolles's description of porcelain, Pierre d'Incarville's essay on varnish, originating in the early eighteenth century, appear again and again in French, English, and German compilations. 17 As late as the nineteenth century, instructions to make carmine lakes often called for autour and chouan — materials that Pierre Pomet was unable to identify with certainty in the previous century — continued to be a feature of new issues. 18 Such repetition reinforced some common ideas and debates — the central position of Isaac Newton, the difference between real and apparent colors, that glass painting was a lost art, the need for violet dyes or lakes that would not fade.”
“A fellow who was a gentleman of the Bedchamber," went on Mitral, "a former 'chouan,' -- what's his name?”
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