American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Belief in or practice of communal ownership, as of goods and property.
- n. Strong devotion to the interests of one's own minority or ethnic group rather than those of society as a whole.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The theory of government by communes or corporations of towns and districts, adopted by many republicans in France and elsewhere; the doctrine that every commune, or at least every important city commune, should be virtually an independent state in itself, and the nation merely a federation of such states.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. A French theory of government which holds that commune should be a kind of independent state, and the national government a confederation of such states, having only limited powers. It is advocated by advanced French republicans; but it should not be confounded with communism.
- n. the practice of communal living and common ownership
- n. loyalty and commitment to the interests of your own minority or ethnic group rather than to society as a whole
“This communalism is a canker: whether practised by one colour or another it is to be strongly condemned.”
“Charakan, a doctor, writes about how communalism is being exploited to reach political goals:”
“India has always existed for humanity and not for herself", Aurobindo contended at Uttarpara, "and it is for humanity and not for herself that she must be great".26 The inversion of the humanistic aspiration in Hinduism and Islam alike to a parody called communalism is the signal achievement of our secularist historians, not of Aurobindo.”
“The twisted logic was inadvertently summed up by agriculture minister Bruno Le Maire, a loyal Sarkozy lieutenant, with the words: "When they remove all the pork from a restaurant open to the public, I think they fall into communalism, which is against the principles and spirit of the French republic.”
“Bruno Le Maire, a loyal Sarkozy lieutenant, with the words: "When they remove all the pork from a restaurant open to the public, I think they fall into communalism, which is against the principles and spirit of the French republic.”
“Other questions address the problem of what the French refer to as communalism, the tendency of ethnic or religious communities to resist integration in the broader society.”
“It is important to reflect on our actions if our movement is really to be beyond ideologies or if we are really to be a movement that has a face and a heart that we intuitively know is based in the depths of our way of thinking, feeling and acting that we inherited from our ancestors and that in recent decades has been called communalism, understood as the common good for those that are the community.”
“Noyes believed in a kind of communalism he hoped would fix relations between men and women; both genders had equal voice in community governance, and every man was considered to be married to every woman.”
“Particular emphasis was placed upon the survival in modern Japan of unusually strong premodern sentiments, such as communalism, patriarchal family life and individuals 'deference towards power ....”
“In the one case, where "communalism" reigns, moral action is, so to speak, automatic; it requires no particular assertion of the individual will to do right; conformity to the standard is spontaneous.”
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