Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To perform or execute: do one's assigned task; do a series of business deals.
  • transitive v. To fulfill the requirements of: did my duty at all times.
  • transitive v. To carry out; commit: a crime that had been done on purpose.
  • transitive v. To produce, especially by creative effort: do a play on Broadway.
  • transitive v. To play the part or role of in a creative production: did Elizabeth I in the film.
  • transitive v. To mimic: "doing the Southern voice, improvising it inventively as he goes along” ( William H. Pritchard).
  • transitive v. To bring about; effect: Crying won't do any good now.
  • transitive v. To render; give: do equal justice to the opposing sides; do honor to one's family.
  • transitive v. To put forth; exert: Do the best you can.
  • transitive v. To attend to in such a way as to take care of or put in order: did the bedrooms before the guests arrived.
  • transitive v. To prepare for further use especially by washing: did the dishes.
  • transitive v. To set or style (the hair).
  • transitive v. To apply cosmetics to: did her face.
  • transitive v. To have as an occupation or profession: Have you decided what you will do after college?
  • transitive v. To work out by studying: do a homework assignment.
  • transitive v. Used as a substitute for an antecedent verb: He can play the piano, and I can do that, too.
  • transitive v. Informal To travel (a specified distance): do a mile in four minutes.
  • transitive v. Informal To make a tour of; visit: "[He] did 15 countries of Western Europe in only a few days” ( R.W. Apple, Jr.)
  • transitive v. To be sufficient in meeting the needs of; serve: This room will do us very nicely.
  • transitive v. Informal To serve (a prison term): did time in jail; did five years for tax fraud.
  • transitive v. Slang To cheat; swindle: do a relative out of an inheritance.
  • transitive v. Slang To take (drugs) illegally: "If you do drugs you are going to be in continual trouble” ( Jimmy Breslin).
  • transitive v. Slang To kill; murder.
  • transitive v. Vulgar Slang To have sex with; bring to orgasm.
  • intransitive v. To behave or conduct oneself; act: Do as I say and you won't get into trouble.
  • intransitive v. To get along; fare: students who do well at school.
  • intransitive v. To carry on; manage: I could do without your interference.
  • intransitive v. To make good use of something because of need: I could do with a hot bath.
  • intransitive v. To serve a specified purpose: This coat will do for another season.
  • intransitive v. To be proper or fitting: Such behavior just won't do.
  • intransitive v. To take place; happen: What's doing in London this time of year?
  • intransitive v. Used as a substitute for an antecedent verb: worked as hard as everyone else did.
  • intransitive v. Used after another verb for emphasis: Run quickly, do!
  • auxiliary v. Used with the infinitive without to in questions, negative statements, and inverted phrases: Do you understand? I did not sleep well. Little did we know what was in store for us.
  • auxiliary v. Used as a means of emphasis: I do want to be sure.
  • n. A statement of what should be done: a list of the dos and don'ts of management.
  • n. Informal An entertainment; a party: attended a big do at the embassy.
  • n. A commotion.
  • n. Chiefly British Slang A swindle; a cheat.
  • n. Archaic Duty; deed.
  • n. Slang Fecal matter; excrement.
  • do by To behave with respect to; deal with: The children have done well by their aged parents.
  • do for To care or provide for; take care of.
  • do in Slang To tire completely; exhaust: The marathon did me in.
  • do in Slang To kill.
  • do in Slang To ruin utterly: Huge losses on the stock market did many investors in.
  • do up To adorn or dress lavishly: The children were all done up in matching outfits.
  • do up To wrap and tie (a package).
  • do up To fasten: do up the buttons on a dress.
  • do without To manage despite the absence of: We had to do without a telephone on the island.
  • idiom can To prefer not to experience or deal with: I could do without their complaints.
  • idiom do a disappearing act Informal To vanish.
  • idiom do away with To make an end of; eliminate.
  • idiom do away with To destroy; kill.
  • idiom do it Vulgar Slang To engage in sexual intercourse.
  • idiom do (one) proud To act or perform in a way that gives cause for pride.
  • idiom do (one's) bit To make an individual contribution toward an overall effort.
  • idiom do (one's) business Slang To defecate. Used especially of a pet.
  • idiom do (one's) own thing Slang To do what one does best or finds most enjoyable: "I get paid to try cases and to do my thing on trial” ( Bruce Cutler).
  • n. Music The first tone of the diatonic scale in solfeggio.
  • n. Slang A hairdo.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A party, celebration, social function.
  • n. A hairdo.
  • n. A period of confusion or argument.
  • n. Something that can or should be done (usually in the phrase dos and don'ts).
  • n. A deed; an act.
  • n. ado; bustle; stir; to-do
  • n. A cheat; a swindler.
  • v. A syntactic marker in questions.
  • v. A syntactic marker in negations.
  • v. A syntactic marker for emphasis.
  • v. A syntactic marker to avoid repetition of an earlier verb.
  • v. To perform; to execute.
  • v. To cause, make (someone) (do something).
  • v. To suffice.
  • v. To be reasonable or acceptable.
  • v. To have (as an effect).
  • v. To fare; to succeed or fail.
  • v. To have as one's job.
  • v. To cook.
  • v. To travel in, to tour, to make a circuit of.
  • v. To treat in a certain way.
  • v. To spend (time) in jail.
  • v. To impersonate or depict.
  • v. To kill.
  • v. To have sex with. (See also do it)
  • v. To cheat or swindle.
  • v. To convert into a certain form; especially, to translate.
  • v. To finish.
  • v. To work as a domestic servant (with for).
  • v. Used to form the present progressive of verbs.
  • n. A syllable used in solfège to represent the first and eighth tonic of a major scale.
  • abbr. ditto

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. An abbreviation of ditto.
  • n. A syllable attached to the first tone of the major diatonic scale for the purpose of solmization, or solfeggio. It is the first of the seven syllables used by the Italians as manes of musical tones, and replaced, for the sake of euphony, the syllable Ut, applied to the note C. In England and America the same syllables are used by many as a scale pattern, while the tones in respect to absolute pitch are named from the first seven letters of the alphabet.
  • n. Deed; act; fear.
  • n. Ado; bustle; stir; to do.
  • n. A cheat; a swindle.
  • v. To place; to put.
  • v. To cause; to make; -- with an infinitive.
  • v. To bring about; to produce, as an effect or result; to effect; to achieve.
  • v. To perform, as an action; to execute; to transact to carry out in action
  • v. To bring to an end by action; to perform completely; to finish; to accomplish; -- a sense conveyed by the construction, which is that of the past participle done.
  • v. To make ready for an object, purpose, or use, as food by cooking; to cook completely or sufficiently.
  • v. To put or bring into a form, state, or condition, especially in the phrases, to do death, to put to death; to slay; to do away (often do away with), to put away; to remove; to do on, to put on; to don; to do off, to take off, as dress; to doff; to do into, to put into the form of; to translate or transform into, as a text.
  • v. To cheat; to gull; to overreach.
  • v. To see or inspect; to explore.
  • v. To cash or to advance money for, as a bill or note.
  • v. To perform work upon, about, for, or at, by way of caring for, looking after, preparing, cleaning, keeping in order, or the like.
  • v. To deal with for good and all; to finish up; to undo; to ruin; to do for.
  • intransitive v. To act or behave in any manner; to conduct one's self.
  • intransitive v. To fare; to be, as regards health
  • intransitive v. To succeed; to avail; to answer the purpose; to serve.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To put; place; lay.
  • To perform; execute; achieve; carry out; effect by action or exertion; bring to pass by procedure of any kind: as, he has nothing to do; to do a man's work; to do errands; to do good.
  • To treat or act in regard to (an object) so as to perform or effect the action required by the nature of the case: as, to do (transact) business with one; to do (dress) the hair; to do (cook) the meat thoroughly; to do (visit and see the sights of) a country; do (trim) my beard first; be sure and do (make) the shoes first; to do (work out) a problem in arithmetic. In this use, do is the most comprehensive of verbs, as it may assert any kind of action.
  • To perform some act imparting or causing (some effect or result), or manifesting (some intention, purpose, or feeling); afford or cause by action, or as a consequence of action; cause; effect; render; offer; show: with a direct object, and an indirect object preceded by to or for, or itself preceding the direct object: as, to do good to one's neighbor; to do reverence to a superior; to do a favor for a friend; to do homage for land, as a vassal; he has done you a great favor; to do a patron honor or credit; to do a person harm or wrong.
  • To bring to a conclusion; complete; finish: as, the business being done, the meeting adjourned.
  • To deliver; convey.
  • To impart; give; grant; afford.
  • To serve.
  • To put forth; use in effecting something; exert: as, I will do my endeavor in your behalf; do your best.
  • To cause; make: with an object and an infinitive: as, “do him come,” Paston Letters, 1474-85 (that is, cause him to come).
  • To cause: with an infinitive (without to): as, he did make (that is, he caused to make); “to do make a castell,” Palsgrave, 1530 (that is, to cause to make a castle, or to cause a castle to be made or erected).
  • To hoax; cheat; swindle; humbug; overreach: as, to do a man out of his money.
  • To outdo, as in fighting; beat; overcome.
  • To put away; remove; annul; abolish; obliterate: now usually in the form to do away with.
  • To coat, as with paint; smear.
  • To wrap and tie up, as a parcel: as, do up these books neatly, and send them off at once.
  • To dress and fasten, as the hair.
  • To freshen, as a room with paint, paper, and upholstery, or a garment by remodeling.
  • To iron, or starch and iron: as, a laundress who does up muslins well.
  • To have concern or business with; deal with; get on with: as, I can do nothing with this obstinate fellow.
  • To act; be in action; be active in performing or accomplishing; exert one's self in relation to something.
  • To act or behave; conduct one's self: with adverbial adjuncts indicating manner of acting: as, to do well by a man.
  • To succeed (well or ill) in some undertaking or action; get along; come through.
  • To arrange; contrive; shift: as, how shall we do for food?
  • [Cf. the equiv. OF. comment le faites-vous? lit. how do you make it? G. was machen sie? lit. what make you? The sense of do in this usage merges in do. See do, dow.] To be (well or ill); be in a state with regard to sickness or health; fare: as, we asked him how he did; how do you do?
  • To ruin; defeat effectually; injure fatally.
  • As an auxiliary, do is inflected, while the principal verb is in the infinitive without to, and originally and strictly the object of do: thus, I do know is I perform an act of knowing. Compare shall and will.
  • Certain uses of do as an auxiliary, with both transitive and intransitive verbs, may be pointed out.
  • In forming interrogative and negative expressions: as, do you want this book? I do not long for it; does he do his work well? he does not do it as well as I expected.
  • With the imperative, sometimes, to help the expression of the subject: as, do thou go (instead of go, or go thou); do you stay here (instead of stay, or stay you here).
  • To express emphasis: as, I do wish you had seen him; I did see him; do be quick; do not (don't) do that.
  • Sometimes (now chiefly in poetry, where it is often used for merely metrical reasons, but formerly often in prose) merely as an inflection of the principal verb, with no other effect.
  • Do, being capable of denoting any kind of action required by the circumstances in connection with which it is used, is often employed as a substitute for the principal verb, or for the whole clause directly dependent upon it, to avoid repetition: as, conduct your business on sound principles; so long as you do, you are safe.
  • To suit; be fit or suitable; serve the purpose or end in view; avail; suffice: as, will this do?
  • An old English form of done, past participle of do.
  • n. Endeavor; duty; all that is required of one, or that one can do.
  • n. To-do; bustle; tumult; stir; fuss.
  • n. A trick; a cheat; a hoax.
  • n. In solmization, the syllable now commonly used for the first tone or key-note of the musical scale, and also for the tone C (as the key-note of the typical scale of the pianoforte keyboard).
  • n. An abbreviation of ditto.
  • n. In petrography, in the quantitative system of classification (see rock), a prefix used in forming words, denoting that one constituent or group of constituents dominates another within the ratios .
  • n. An abbreviation of the Latin Datur omnibus mori, ‘it is given unto all to die’
  • n. of the Latin Deo Optimo Maximo, ‘to the best and highest God.’

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. carry on or function
  • v. be sufficient; be adequate, either in quality or quantity
  • v. carry out or perform an action
  • v. engage in
  • v. carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions
  • v. arrange attractively
  • v. give rise to; cause to happen or occur, not always intentionally
  • v. proceed or get along
  • v. behave in a certain manner; show a certain behavior; conduct or comport oneself
  • v. spend time in prison or in a labor camp
  • v. get (something) done
  • n. doctor's degree in osteopathy
  • n. the syllable naming the first (tonic) note of any major scale in solmization
  • v. travel or traverse (a distance)
  • v. create or design, often in a certain way
  • n. an uproarious party

Etymologies

Middle English don, from Old English dōn.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English don ("to do"), from Old English dōn ("to do"), from Proto-Germanic *dōnan (“to do”), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁- (“to put, place, do, make”). Cognate with Scots dae ("to to"), West Frisian dwaan ("to do"), Dutch doen ("to do"), Low German doon ("to do"), German tun ("to do"), Latin facio ("I do, make"), Ancient Greek τίθημι (tithēmi), Lithuanian dėti ("to put"), Polish dziać ("to happen"), Albanian ndodh ("to happen, occur, to be located"), Russian делать ("to do"), Sanskrit दधाति (dádhāti), Russian деть ("to put, to place"). (Wiktionary)
From Italian do. (Wiktionary)
Short for ditto. (Wiktionary)

Examples

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  • Musical note (do,re,mi...); engage in; hair-do.

    November 22, 2007