American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Relating to, existing on, or connected with the outside or an outer part; exterior.
- adj. Suitable for application to the outside: external paints.
- adj. Existing independently of the mind.
- adj. Acting or coming from the outside: external pressures.
- adj. Of or relating chiefly to outward appearance; superficial: "An internal sense of righteousness dwindles into an external concern for reputation” ( A.R. Gurney, Jr.)
- adj. Of or relating to foreign affairs or foreign countries: the country's minister of external affairs.
- n. An exterior part or surface.
- n. Outer circumstances.
- n. Outward appearances: was charming as far as the externals went.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Situated on or pertaining to the outside; located in a part of space not occupied by or within the thing referred to.
- Outer or outermost; specifically, in zoology, on the side furthest away from the body, from the median line, or from the center of a radially symmetrical form: as, the external side of an insect's leg; the external edge of the carapace; external border, etc.
- Being outside in any figurative sense; coming from or pertaining to the outside; not internal: as, external evidence; specifically, in metaphysics, forming part of or pertaining to the world of things or phenomena in space, considered as outside of the perceiving mind.
- Belonging to a thing in its relations with other things; extrinsic: as, external constraint.
- Outward; exterior; visible from the outside; hence, capable of being perceived; apparent.
- Pertaining to the surface merely; superficial: as, external culture.
- Foreign; relating to or connected with foreign nations: as, external trade or commerce; the external relations of a state or kingdom.
- n. An outward part; something pertaining to the exterior.
- n. An outward rite or ceremony; a visible form or symbol: as, the externals of religion.
- adj. outside of something
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Outward; exterior; relating to the outside, as of a body; being without; acting from without; -- opposed to
- adj. Outside of or separate from ourselves; (Metaph.) separate from the perceiving mind.
- adj. Outwardly perceptible; visible; physical or corporeal, as distinguished from mental or moral.
- adj. Not intrinsic nor essential; accidental; accompanying; superficial.
- adj. Foreign; relating to or connected with foreign nations
- adj. (Anat.) Away from the mesial plane of the body; lateral.
- n. Something external or without; outward part; that which makes a show, rather than that which is intrinsic; visible form; -- usually in the plural.
- adj. happening or arising or located outside or beyond some limits or especially surface
- n. outward features
- adj. from or between other countries
- adj. purely outward or superficial
- adj. coming from the outside
- From Latin externus, from exter, exterus ("on the outside, outward"). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Latin externus, outward, from exter; see eghs in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“As he puts it in discussing the Sextus 'attitude to the external world, “His own deep skepticism leaves him in a state of epochÃª, not only as to whether there are any such things as ˜external objects', but even as to whether these terms of the Dogmatists have any intelligible meaning at all.””
“And (not to mention your having discarded those archetypes) so may you suppose an external archetype on my principles; external, I mean, to your own mind: though indeed it must be supposed to exist in that Mind which comprehends all things; but then, this serves all the ends of identity, as well as if it existed out of a mind.”
“This enormous external current must be accompanied by some effect within the fish _equivalent_ to a current, the direction of which is from the tail towards the head, and equal to the sum of _all these external_ forces.”
“The term external legal history could better be applied to ‘law in history’ and internal legal history to ‘history of law’.”
“In this relation, the term external does not signify existence in another place than where I am, nor my resolution and acceptance at another time than the moment in which I have the offer of a thing: it signifies only an object different from or other than myself.”
“STANLEY KURTZ, "NATIONAL REVIEW" ONLINE: Instead of giving money directly to schools, they gave money to what they called external partners, and these external partners were often pretty radical community organizer groups.”
“STANLEY KURTZ, NATIONAL REVIEW ONLINE: Instead of giving money directly to schools, they gave money to what they called external partners, and these external partners were often pretty radical community organizer groups.”
“STANLEY KURTZ, SENIOR FELLOW, ETHICS AND PUBLIC POLICY CENTER: Instead of giving money directly to schools, they gave men to what they called external partners.”
“He had always held in aversion what he termed external epidemic influences: he now endeavoured to free himself not only from all current conventions, but from every association which he had formerly cherished.”
“As a matter of historical fact -- and you will remember that I am treating the question purely from the historical standpoint -- men seem to have inferred the persistence of their personality after death both from the one kind of experience and from the other, that is, both from the phenomena of their inner life and from the phenomena of what we call the external world.”
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