from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Relating to, existing on, or connected with the outside or an outer part; exterior.
- adj. Suitable for application to the outside: external paints.
- adj. Existing independently of the mind.
- adj. Acting or coming from the outside: external pressures.
- adj. Of or relating chiefly to outward appearance; superficial: "An internal sense of righteousness dwindles into an external concern for reputation” ( A.R. Gurney, Jr.)
- adj. Of or relating to foreign affairs or foreign countries: the country's minister of external affairs.
- n. An exterior part or surface.
- n. Outer circumstances.
- n. Outward appearances: was charming as far as the externals went.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. outside of something
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Outward; exterior; relating to the outside, as of a body; being without; acting from without; -- opposed to
- adj. Outside of or separate from ourselves; (Metaph.) separate from the perceiving mind.
- adj. Outwardly perceptible; visible; physical or corporeal, as distinguished from mental or moral.
- adj. Not intrinsic nor essential; accidental; accompanying; superficial.
- adj. Foreign; relating to or connected with foreign nations
- adj. Away from the mesial plane of the body; lateral.
- n. Something external or without; outward part; that which makes a show, rather than that which is intrinsic; visible form; -- usually in the plural.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Situated on or pertaining to the outside; located in a part of space not occupied by or within the thing referred to.
- Outer or outermost; specifically, in zoology, on the side furthest away from the body, from the median line, or from the center of a radially symmetrical form: as, the external side of an insect's leg; the external edge of the carapace; external border, etc.
- Being outside in any figurative sense; coming from or pertaining to the outside; not internal: as, external evidence; specifically, in metaphysics, forming part of or pertaining to the world of things or phenomena in space, considered as outside of the perceiving mind.
- Belonging to a thing in its relations with other things; extrinsic: as, external constraint.
- Outward; exterior; visible from the outside; hence, capable of being perceived; apparent.
- Pertaining to the surface merely; superficial: as, external culture.
- Foreign; relating to or connected with foreign nations: as, external trade or commerce; the external relations of a state or kingdom.
- n. An outward part; something pertaining to the exterior.
- n. An outward rite or ceremony; a visible form or symbol: as, the externals of religion.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. happening or arising or located outside or beyond some limits or especially surface
- n. outward features
- adj. from or between other countries
- adj. purely outward or superficial
- adj. coming from the outside
Middle English, from Latin externus, outward, from exter; see eghs in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin externus, from exter, exterus ("on the outside, outward"). (Wiktionary)