Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In Roman law, the power over a freeman acquired by mancipation, that is, exercise of the paternal power to sell a son. The son then came into a condition similar to that of a slave, but to the purchaser alone. The transaction could be only among Roman citizens.
“In these cases possession had the characters of absolute proprietorship, called mancipium, jus Quiritium.”
“Olim vile mancipium, nunc in omni aestimatione, nunc ars haberi caepta, &c.”
“Consol. ad Pammachium mundi Philosophus, gloriae animal, et popularis aurae et rumorum venale mancipium.”
“ Extraneum ab omni benedictione Dei, Satanae mancipium, sub peccati jugo captivum, horribili denique exitio destinatum et jam implicitum.”
“The creditor could only hold a wife or child three years as mancipium.”
“The man was responsible for debts contracted by his wife, even before her marriage, as well as for his own; but he could use her as a mancipium.”
“The debtor being seized for debt could nominate as mancipium or hostage to work off the debt, his wife, a child, or slave.”
“If the mancipium died a natural death while in the creditor's possession no claim could lie against the latter; but if he was the cause of death by cruelty, he had to give son for son, or pay for a slave.”
“If the mancipium died a natural death under the creditor's hand, the creditor was scot free.”
“A curious extension of the _talio_ is the death of creditor's son for his father's having caused the death of debtor's son as mancipium; of builder's son for his father's causing the death of house-owner's son by building the house badly; the death of a man's daughter because her father caused the death of another man's daughter.”
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