from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The theory or practice of teaching hearing-impaired or deaf persons to communicate by means of spoken language.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A philosophy of education for the deaf, opposed to manualism, that uses spoken language consisting of lipreading, speech, the process of watching mouth movements, and mastering breathing techniques.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The system of teaching deaf-mutes by means of ordinary speech or lip-language, without the use of the hand-manual.
This viewpoint is now known as oralism, since it emphasizes the development of oral language skills in deaf individuals.
At an international conference of rehabilitation professionals -- much like this one -- the school of thought called oralism won the day.
The trouble started when an inquisitive student got lost somewhere between "oralism" and
After being oppressed in education and wider society for over a hundred years, and competing with other inferior systems such as oralism and Signed English (TC), NZSL is now finally recognised as a part of NZ's Culture. compiled with the assistance of Janine Mac Pherson
Her article goes on to explore the debate over oralism, which encourages deaf children to speak verbally and lip-read rather than sign.
With this came the oppression of ASL and the development and spread of oralism.
This helps me to understand the campaign to defend and preserve Deaf culture against oralism and “hearing” enforcement.
I don't plan to step into the deaf politics minefield that is oralism versus sign language here, but I do want to note that not all deaf children are taught with sign language.
Still, following Susan's model, Melanie avoided oralism because it wasn't chic.
Mallin regarded smoking as an act of infantile oralism; his ashtray was empty.
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