from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. An unpleasant sensation occurring in varying degrees of severity as a consequence of injury, disease, or emotional disorder.
- n. Suffering or distress.
- n. The pangs of childbirth.
- n. Great care or effort: take pains with one's work.
- n. Informal A source of annoyance; a nuisance.
- transitive v. To cause pain to; hurt or injure.
- intransitive v. To be the cause of pain.
- idiom on Subject to the penalty of (a specified punishment, such as death).
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. An ache or bodily suffering, or an instance of this; an unpleasant sensation, resulting from a derangement of functions, disease, or injury by violence; hurt.
- n. The condition or fact of suffering or anguish especially mental, as opposed to pleasure; torment; distress; sadness; grief; solicitude; disquietude.
- n. An annoying person or thing.
- n. (obsolete) Suffering seen as a punishment or penalty.
- v. To hurt; to put to bodily uneasiness or anguish; to afflict with uneasy sensations of any degree of intensity; to torment; to torture.
- v. To render uneasy in mind; to disquiet; to distress; to grieve.
- v. (obsolete) To inflict suffering upon as a penalty; to punish.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Punishment suffered or denounced; suffering or evil inflicted as a punishment for crime, or connected with the commission of a crime; penalty.
- n. Any uneasy sensation in animal bodies, from slight uneasiness to extreme distress or torture, proceeding from a derangement of functions, disease, or injury by violence; bodily distress; bodily suffering; an ache; a smart.
- n. Specifically, the throes or travail of childbirth.
- n. Uneasiness of mind; mental distress; disquietude; anxiety; grief; solicitude; anguish. Also called mental pain.
- n. See Pains, labor, effort.
- transitive v. To inflict suffering upon as a penalty; to punish.
- transitive v. To put to bodily uneasiness or anguish; to afflict with uneasy sensations of any degree of intensity; to torment; to torture
- transitive v. To render uneasy in mind; to disquiet; to distress; to grieve.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To inflict suffering upon as a penalty or punishment; torture; punish.
- To trouble or annoy with physical or mental suffering.
- To render uneasy in mind; trouble or annoy with mental suffering; distress; disquiet; grieve.
- To cause to take pains; put to exertion: used reflexively.
- To put to trouble or pains.
- Synonyms To hurt, agonize, torment, torture, rack, excruciate.
- To suffer; be afflicted with pain.
- n. Penalty; punishment suffered or denounced; suffering or evil inflicted as a punishment for a crime, or annexed to the commission of a crime.
- n. Uneasiness or distress of body or of mind; bodily or mental suffering.
- n. Specifically — In the plural, the throes or distress of travail or childbirth.
- n. Uneasiness of mind; mental distress; disquietude; anxiety; solicitude; grief; sorrow.
- n. Labor; exertion; endeavor; especially, labor characterized by great care, or by assiduous attention to detail and a desire to secure the best results; care or trouble taken in doing something: used chiefly in the plural: as, to spare no pains to be accurate; to be at great pains or to take great pains in doing something. The form pains has been used by good writers as a singular, as in the quotation from Shakspere below.
- n. Trouble; difficulty.
- n. Synonyms Pain, Ache, Twinge. All the words expressing physical pain are applicable, by familiar and therefore not emphatic figure, to pain of mind. Pain is the general term; ache represents a continued local pain; it is often compounded with a word expressing the place, as headache, toothache. Twinge represents a sudden, momentary pain, as though one had been griped or wrung. See agony.
- n. 2 . Bitterness, heartache, affliction, woe, burden.
- n. Bread.
- n. An obsolete spelling of pane.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a bothersome annoying person
- n. something or someone that causes trouble; a source of unhappiness
- n. a somatic sensation of acute discomfort
- v. cause emotional anguish or make miserable
- v. cause bodily suffering to and make sick or indisposed
- n. emotional distress; a fundamental feeling that people try to avoid
- n. a symptom of some physical hurt or disorder
We should also note that the pain scientists themselves who wrote up the IASP definition of ˜pain™ and the accompanying note seem to side with Dennett on the truth of (14).
But in the case of pain, we don't seem to semantically apply PAIN, or ˜pain™ for that matter, to tissue damage.
I think I just like saying I'm a pagan to enjoy the pain on the faces of all the Christians..pain first, then shock, then righteous indignation...hope your feeling better soon...
All that tearing down Don had been doing, ripping out cabinets, extra studs, lath and plaster, the house was writhing with the pain of it like having its teeth pulled, and now this, whatever he was doing, this new sound, the house was in _pain_.
There is no better way of testing whether pain has been felt than by taking the lacerated or contused gums of the patient between the index finger and thumb and making a gentle pressure to collapse the alveolar borders; invariably, they will cry out lustily, _that is pain_!
The conscious infliction of pain _for the sake of the pain_ is against the better nature of man, and it is unsafe and demoralizing for any one to undertake this duty.
In the early hours of that day a knot of women, one of them beating a drum, others lugubriously chanting _du pain, du pain_, bread, bread, appeared in the streets of Paris.
Therefore in the balance between the pleasure of general _society_, and the pain of absolute solitude, _pain_ is the predominant idea.
This nerve also senses facial pain, so as the signals are conducted the brain interprets the pain as coming from the forehead - the same \ "referred pain\" phenomenon seen in heart attacks.
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