Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A soldier of the palace guard of the Roman emperors, formed in the time of Diocletian.
  • n. A soldier of a major division of the Roman army formed in the time of Constantine I.
  • n. Used as a title for various administrative officials of the late Roman and Byzantine empires.
  • n. A feudal lord exercising sovereign power over his lands. Also called palsgrave.
  • adj. Belonging to or fit for a palace.
  • adj. Of or relating to a palatine or palatinate.
  • adj. Of or relating to the palate: the palatine tonsils.
  • adj. Of or relating to either of two bones that make up the hard palate.
  • n. Either of the two bones that make up the hard palate.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Of or relating to the Palatine Hill in Rome.
  • adj. Of or relating to powers normally possessed by a sovereign but exercised by a lesser noble, or by a nominee of a sovereign.
  • adj. Of or relating to a palace, particularly for the Eastern and Western Roman emperors.
  • adj. Of or relating to a palatine or a palatinate, especially the Rhineland Palatinate.
  • n. A Roman soldier.
  • n. A Roman or Byzantine official.
  • n. A feudal lord, (a Pfalzgraf or Count-palatine), or a bishop possessing palatine powers.
  • n. A resident of a palatinate.
  • n. The highest dignitary in the Kingdom of Hungary after the king.
  • adj. Of or relating to the palate
  • adj. Of or relating to a palatine bone.
  • n. One of a pair of bones behind the palate.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Of or pertaining to a palace, or to a high officer of a palace
  • adj. Of or pertaining to the Palatinate.
  • adj. Of or pertaining to a Palatine{1}.
  • adj. Of or pertaining to the palate; palatal.
  • n. One invested with royal privileges and rights within his domains; a count palatine. See Count palatine, under 4th count.
  • n. The Palatine hill in Rome.
  • n. A palatine bone.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Pertaining to a palace: applied originally to persons holding office or employment in a royal palace.
  • Possessing royal privileges: as, a count palatine.
  • n. Originally, one who was attached to the palace of the Roman emperor.
  • n. A fur tippet.
  • Of or pertaining to the palate; palatal: as, the palatine bones; palatine teeth of fishes.
  • Inferior, same as ascending palatine.
  • Descending, a branch of the internal maxillary, which passes through the posterior palatine canal to supply the mucous membrane, glands, and gum of the hard palate
  • Of pharyngeal, a branch supplying the soft palate, sometimes of considerable size, when the ascending palatine is small
  • Superior, same as descending palatine.
  • Superior, one of several branches of the pterygoid plexus of the internal maxillary vein.
  • n. One of the palatal bones; a palatal.
  • Pertaining to the village of Pallet, near Nantes, the birthplace of Abelard. Thus, the school of Abelard is sometimes referred to as the Palatine school.
  • In phonology, same as palatal, a., 2.
  • n. Specifically, in the teleost fishes, the anterior of the chain of bones which forms the palatoquadrate arch.
  • n. In phonology, same as palatal, n., 2.
  • n. [capitalized] A native of the Palatinate.
  • n. A trade-name applied to several coal-tar coloring matters.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. of or relating to a palace
  • n. (Middle Ages) the lord of a palatinate who exercised sovereign powers over his lands
  • n. either of two irregularly shaped bones that form the back of the hard palate and helps to form the nasal cavity and the floor of the orbits
  • n. the most important of the Seven Hills of Rome; supposedly the location of the first settlement and the site of many imperial palaces
  • adj. of or relating to a count palatine and his royal prerogatives
  • n. any of various important officials in ancient Rome
  • adj. relating to or lying near the palate

Etymologies

From Middle English, ruled by an independent lord, from Old French palatin, from Late Latin palātīnus, palace official, from Latin palātīnus, from Palātium, imperial residence; see palace.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Latin palatinus, "imperial", "imperial official" (Wiktionary)
French palatin "palate", from Latin palatum (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Its lower portion, which hangs like a curtain between the mouth and pharynx is termed the palatine velum.

    XI. Splanchnology. 2a. The Mouth

  • That no serious trouble ever came from the so-called palatine earldoms is itself evidence of the powerful monarchy ruling in England.

    The History of England from the Norman Conquest to the Death of John (1066-1216)

  • The distressed family of the palatine was a great burden on James, during part of his reign.

    The History of England in Three Volumes, Vol.I., Part D. From Elizabeth to James I.

  • Its skeleton segmented, as in mammals and birds, into three parts; the upper part gave rise to the palatine and pterygoid in Anura, but seemed to disappear in Urodeles, where the so-called palatine and pterygoid developed in the mucous membrane of the mouth; the middle part gave, as in birds, the quadrate, which formed a suspensorium for both arches; the lower part, as Meckel's cartilage, formed a foundation for the bones of the lower jaw.

    Form and Function A Contribution to the History of Animal Morphology

  • "palatine" clergy, from the middle of the twelfth century, coupled with the disappearance of the judices palatini, tended to enlarge the share of the cardinals in the administration of papal justice and finances, also of the fiefs of the Holy See and of the States of the

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 3: Brownson-Clairvaux

  • Thus Reichert interpreted the "palatine" and "pterygoid," which are formed in the mouth of the newt larva by a fusion of conical teeth, as special adaptations to enable the little larva to lead a carnivorous life. [

    Form and Function A Contribution to the History of Animal Morphology

  • “Because it was once a county palatine and the cats cannot help laughing whenever they think of it, though I see no great joke in it.”

    The Cheshire cat again

  • An English ‘county palatine’ was a county over which an earl or lord originally had royal privileges with the right of exclusive civil and criminal jurisdiction.

    The Cheshire cat again

  • Towards two o'clock in the afternoon the Pope and the palatine clergy moved in procession barefoot from the Lateran to the stational basilica, where the Adoration of the Cross took place, followed by the reading of the Passion according to St John, and the Great Litany for the various ecclesiastical orders and for the necessities of the Church.

    She Doesn't Pay Her Musicians!

  • Shrewsbury had furnished King Stephen with a creditable force to join his muster for the north, where the earls of Chester and Lincoln, ambitious half-brothers, had flouted the king's grace and moved to set up their own palatine, and with much in their favour, too.

    A Caregiver's Homage To The Very Old

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  • From "Au Tombeau de Charles Fourier" by Guy Davenport

    January 19, 2010