from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Something given as security for a loan; a pledge or guaranty.
- n. The condition of being held as a pledge against the payment of a loan: jewels in pawn.
- n. A person serving as security; a hostage.
- n. The act of pawning.
- transitive v. To give or deposit (personal property) as security for the payment of money borrowed.
- transitive v. To risk; hazard: pawn one's honor.
- pawn off To dispose or get rid of deceptively: tried to pawn off the fake gemstone as a diamond.
- n. Games A chess piece of lowest value that may move forward one square at a time or two squares in the first move, capture other pieces only on a one-space diagonal forward move, and be promoted to any piece other than a king upon reaching the eighth rank.
- n. A person or an entity used to further the purposes of another: an underdeveloped nation that was a pawn in international politics.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The most common chess piece, or a similar piece in a similar game. In chess each side has eight; moves are only forward, attacks are only forward diagonally or en passant.
- n. Someone who is being manipulated or used to some end, usually not the end that individual would prefer.
- v. To render one's opponent a mere pawn, especially in a real-time strategy games.
- n. The state of being held as security for a loan, or as a pledge.
- n. An instance of pawning something.
- n. An item given as security on a loan, or as a pledge.
- n. A pawn shop, pawnbroker.
- v. To pledge; to stake or wager.
- v. To give as security on a loan of money; especially, to deposit (something) at a pawn shop.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. See pan, the masticatory.
- n. A man or piece of the lowest rank.
- n. Anything delivered or deposited as security, as for the payment of money borrowed, or of a debt; a pledge. See pledge, n., 1.
- n. State of being pledged; a pledge for the fulfillment of a promise.
- n. A stake hazarded in a wager.
- transitive v. To give or deposit in pledge, or as security for the payment of money borrowed; to put in pawn; to pledge.
- transitive v. To pledge for the fulfillment of a promise; to stake; to risk; to wager; to hazard.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Something given or deposited as security, as for money borrowed; security; pledge.
- n. A pledge or promise.
- n. A gage; a challenge.
- n. The condition of being pledged or held as security, as for the payment of a debt or the fulfilment of a promise, etc.: as, to be in pawn or at pawn.
- n. A pawnshop; a pawnbroker's establishment.
- n. At pawn, in pawn, pledged; hence, laid away; not available.
- To give or deposit in pledge, or as security for the payment of money borrowed; pledge.
- To pledge for the fulfilment of a promise.
- n. A piece of the lowest rank and value at chess. See chess.
- n. Marked pawn. See marked.
- n. A peacock; in heraldry, a peacock used as a bearing.
- n. Mast, or similar food for animals. Also spelled pawne.
- n. A gallery.
- n. Same as pan.
- To put up as collateral: hypothecate, as stock for a loan.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. an article deposited as security
- n. a person used by another to gain an end
- n. (chess) the least powerful piece; moves only forward and captures only to the side; it can be promoted to a more powerful piece if it reaches the 8th rank
- v. leave as a guarantee in return for money
- n. borrowing and leaving an article as security for repayment of the loan
Middle English paun, from Old French pan, of Germanic origin .
Middle English, from Old French pedon, paon, from Medieval Latin pedō, pedōn-, foot soldier, from Late Latin, one who has wide feet, from Latin pēs, ped-, foot; see ped- in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle French pan ("pledge, security"), apparently from a Germanic language (compare Middle Dutch pant, Old High German pfant). (Wiktionary)