Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A toxalbumin contained in the fungi Amanita phalloides, A. virescens, A. citrina, A. candida, and others. Its action is similar to that of ricin and abrin.
“There is phalloidin, which acts at once, and there is phallin, which dissolves red corpuscles ....”
“The active principle of the former is _phallin_, and of the latter _muscarine_.”
“_ -- In phallin-poisoning the blood remains fluid; numerous hæmorrhages are present, with fatty degeneration of the internal organs.”
“There is no known antidote by which the effects of phallin can be counteracted.”
“The symptoms resemble in a very marked degree those of the deadly phallin, the dissolution of the red corpuscles of the blood being one of the most marked and most dangerous; this is accompanied by nausea, vomiting, jaundice, and stoppage of the kidneys.”
“The presence of phallin in _Amanita muscaria_ is possible, and its symptoms should be looked for in the red color of the blood serum discharged from the intestines.”
“These are quickly dissolved by phallin, the blood serum escaping from the blood vessels into the alimentary canal, and the whole system being rapidly drained of its vitality.”
“There is no known antidote for this poison, hence the little that can be done would be similar to that mentioned under phallin.”
“We quote again from Mr. Chestnut's account of phallin and its treatment: "The fundamental injury is not due, as in the case of muscarine, to a paralysis of the nerves controlling the action of the heart, but to a direct effect on the blood corpuscles.”
“After that the remainder of the poison, if the amount of phallin already taken up by the system is not too large, may wear itself out on the blood and the patient may recover.”
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