from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A form of tuberculosis affecting the lymph nodes, especially of the neck, that is most common in children and is usually spread by unpasteurized milk from infected cows. Also called struma.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A form of tuberculosis, most common in children, tending to cause enlarged and degenerated lymph glands, especially in the neck, and often chronic, intractable skin inflammation as well.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A constitutional disease, generally hereditary, especially manifested by chronic enlargement and cheesy degeneration of the lymphatic glands, particularly those of the neck, and marked by a tendency to the development of chronic intractable inflammations of the skin, mucous membrane, bones, joints, and other parts, and by a diminution in the power of resistance to disease or injury and the capacity for recovery. Scrofula is now generally held to be tuberculous in character, and may develop into general or local tuberculosis (consumption).
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A constitutional disorder, especially in the young, expressing itself in lymphadenitis, especially glandular swellings in the neck, with a tendency to cheesy degeneration, inflammations of various joints, mucous membranes, and other structures, together with other less distinct indications of feeble health.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a form of tuberculosis characterized by swellings of the lymphatic glands
Middle English scrophula, from Late Latin scrōfulae, swelling of the glands, diminutive of Latin scrōfa, sow; see sker-1 in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Latin diminutive of scrofa: a breeding sow, because swine were supposed to be subject to the complaint; or by fanciful comparison of the glandular swellings to little pigs. (Wiktionary)