from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. sensualism
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Same as sensualism, 2 & 3.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In philosophy, same as sensualism, 2.
Our objection to a good deal of recent logical literature is not based on an unfavourable estimate of its scientific quality: what we object to is the sensism, subjectivism, agnosticism or other philosophical doctrine, which underlies the logical theories of the author.
Lambert strove to modify the Aristotelean logic in the direction of empiricism, sensism, or Leibnizian innatism.
In his theory of knowledge he advocated individualistic sensism as opposed to Plato's intellectualistic theory of ideas; that is to say, he taught that the sense-perceived individual alone exists and that there are no universal objects of knowledge.
The truth seems to be that in this, as in many other instances, sensism was satisfied with a superficial and loosely-jointed system.
Now, in sensism, either the concept of cause is not objective or cause is not perceived at all; therefore the principle of causality is either rejected or is pronounced doubtful.
This resembles the German work in breadth of scope, but had much greater influence on European thought, popularizing as it did the empiricism, sensism, and materialism of Locke.
Four great systems, he says, express and summarize the whole development of human speculation: sensism, idealism, scepticism, and mysticism.
Though the converse is not the case, nevertheless, by denying any essential difference between sensations and ideas (intellectual states), sensism logically involves materialism.
Locke's sensism was taken up by Condillac (d. 1780), who eliminated entirely the subjective factor (Locke's "reflection") and sought to explain all cognitional states by a mere mechanical, passive transformation of external sensations.
"the philosophy of sensation", he was a follower of Condillac's sensism, as modified by de Tracy, which he soon abandoned in favour of a system based on an analysis of internal reflection.
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