Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To close (an opening or hole) by covering, filling in, or plugging up: The tea leaves stopped the drain.
  • transitive v. To constrict (an opening or orifice): My nose is stopped up.
  • transitive v. To obstruct or block passage on (a road, for example).
  • transitive v. To prevent the flow or passage of: stop supplies from getting through.
  • transitive v. To halt the motion or progress of: stopped me and asked directions.
  • transitive v. To block or deflect (a blow, for example); parry or ward off.
  • transitive v. To be or get in the way of (a bullet or other missile); be killed or wounded by.
  • transitive v. To cause to desist or to change a course of action: stopped us from continuing the argument.
  • transitive v. To prevent or restrain: stopped him from going.
  • transitive v. To discontinue or cease: He stopped his complaining.
  • transitive v. To defeat (an opponent or opposing team).
  • transitive v. To defeat in boxing by a knockout or technical knockout.
  • transitive v. To order a bank to withhold payment of: stopped the check.
  • transitive v. Music To press down (a string on a stringed instrument) on the fingerboard to produce a desired pitch.
  • transitive v. Music To close (a hole on a wind instrument) with the finger in sounding a desired pitch.
  • intransitive v. To cease moving, progressing, acting, or operating; come to a halt: The clock stopped in the night.
  • intransitive v. To put an end to what one is doing; cease: had to stop at an exciting place in the book.
  • intransitive v. To interrupt one's course or journey for a brief visit or stay. Often used with by, in, or off: stop by at a friend's house; stop in at the office; stop off at the gas station.
  • n. The act of stopping or the condition of being stopped; cessation.
  • n. A finish; an end.
  • n. A stay or visit, as one taken during a trip.
  • n. A place at which someone or something stops: a regular stop on my paper route; a bus stop.
  • n. A device or means that obstructs, blocks, or plugs up.
  • n. An order given to a bank to withhold payment on a check.
  • n. A part in a mechanism that stops or regulates movement.
  • n. The effective aperture of a lens, controlled by a diaphragm.
  • n. A mark of punctuation, especially a period.
  • n. Music The act of stopping a string or hole on an instrument.
  • n. Music A fret on a stringed instrument.
  • n. Music A hole on a wind instrument.
  • n. Music A device such as a key for closing the hole on a wind instrument.
  • n. Music A tuned set of pipes, as in an organ.
  • n. Music A knob, key, or pull that regulates such a set of pipes.
  • n. Nautical A line used for securing something temporarily: a sail stop.
  • n. Linguistics One of a set of speech sounds that is a plosive or a nasal.
  • n. A plosive.
  • n. The depression between the muzzle and top of the skull of an animal, especially a dog.
  • n. Sports A save made by a goalie.
  • n. Games A stopper.
  • n. Architecture A projecting stone, often carved, at the end of a molding.
  • adj. Of, relating to, or being of use at the end of an operation or activity: a stop code.
  • stop down To reduce (the aperture) of a lens.
  • stop out To withdraw temporarily from college.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To cease moving.
  • v. To come to an end.
  • v. To cause (something) to cease moving or progressing.
  • v. To cause (something) to come to an end.
  • v. To close or block an opening.
  • v. To adjust the aperture of a camera lens.
  • v. To stay.
  • v. To tarry.
  • n. A (usually marked) place where line buses, trams or trains halt to let passengers get on and off.
  • n. An action of stopping; interruption of travel.
  • n. A device intended to block the path of a moving object; as, a door stop.
  • n. A consonant sound in which the passage of air through the mouth is temporarily blocked by the lips, tongue, or glottis.
  • n. A symbol used for purposes of punctuation and representing a pause or separating clauses, particularly a full stop, comma, colon or semicolon.
  • n. Short for a stopper, used in the phrase 'pull out all the stops'.
  • n. A function that halts playback or recording in devices such as videocassette and DVD player.
  • n. A button that activates the stop function.
  • n. A knob or pin used to regulate the flow of air in an organ.
  • n. A very short shot which touches the ground close behind the net and is intended to bounce as little as possible.
  • n. The depression in a dog’s face between the skull and the nasal bones.
  • n. An f-stop.
  • adv. Prone to halting or hesitation.
  • n. A small well-bucket; a milk-pail.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The act of stopping, or the state of being stopped; hindrance of progress or of action; cessation; repression; interruption; check; obstruction.
  • n. That which stops, impedes, or obstructs; as obstacle; an impediment; an obstruction.
  • n. A device, or piece, as a pin, block, pawl, etc., for arresting or limiting motion, or for determining the position to which another part shall be brought.
  • n.
  • n. The closing of an aperture in the air passage, or pressure of the finger upon the string, of an instrument of music, so as to modify the tone; hence, any contrivance by which the sounds of a musical instrument are regulated.
  • n. In the organ, one of the knobs or handles at each side of the organist, by which he can draw on or shut off any register or row of pipes; the register itself; as, the vox humana stop.
  • n. A member, plain or molded, formed of a separate piece and fixed to a jamb, against which a door or window shuts. This takes the place, or answers the purpose, of a rebate. Also, a pin or block to prevent a drawer from sliding too far.
  • n. A point or mark in writing or printing intended to distinguish the sentences, parts of a sentence, or clauses; a mark of punctuation. See Punctuation.
  • n. The diaphragm used in optical instruments to cut off the marginal portions of a beam of light passing through lenses.
  • n. The depression in the face of a dog between the skull and the nasal bones. It is conspicuous in the bulldog, pug, and some other breeds.
  • n. Some part of the articulating organs, as the lips, or the tongue and palate, closed (a) so as to cut off the passage of breath or voice through the mouth and the nose (distinguished as a lip-stop, or a front-stop, etc., as in p, t, d, etc.), or (b) so as to obstruct, but not entirely cut off, the passage, as in l, n, etc.; also, any of the consonants so formed.
  • intransitive v. To cease to go on; to halt, or stand still; to come to a stop.
  • intransitive v. To cease from any motion, or course of action.
  • intransitive v. To spend a short time; to reside temporarily; to stay; to tarry.
  • transitive v. To close, as an aperture, by filling or by obstructing; ; hence, to stanch, as a wound.
  • transitive v. To obstruct; to render impassable.
  • transitive v. To arrest the progress of; to hinder; to impede; to shut in.
  • transitive v. To hinder from acting or moving; to prevent the effect or efficiency of; to cause to cease; to repress; to restrain; to suppress; to interrupt; to suspend.
  • transitive v. To regulate the sounds of, as musical strings, by pressing them against the finger board with the finger, or by shortening in any way the vibrating part.
  • transitive v. To point, as a composition; to punctuate.
  • transitive v. To make fast; to stopper.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To close up, as a hole, passage, or cavity, by filling, stuffing, plugging, or otherwise obstructing; block up; choke: as, to stop a vent or a channel.
  • To make close or tight; close with or as with a compressible substance, or a lid or stopper: as, to stop a bottle with a cork; hence, to stanch.
  • To shut up; inclose; confine.
  • To hinder from progress or procedure; cause to cease moving, going, acting, working, or the like; impede; check; head off; arrest: as, to stop a car; to stop a ball; to stop a clock; to stop a thief.
  • To hold back, as from a specified course, purpose, end, or the like; restrain; hinder: followed by from (obsolete or dialectal of).
  • To prevent the continuance of; suppress; extinguish; bring to an end: as, to stop a leak.
  • To check or arrest by anticipation.
  • To keep back; withhold.
  • To cease from; discontinue; bring to a stop.
  • In musical instruments: Of the lute and viol classes, to press (a string) with the finger so as to shorten its vibrating length, and thus raise the pitch of the tone produced from it.
  • Of the wind group generally, to close (a finger-hole in the tube) so as to change the nodes of the vibrating column of air, and thus alter the pitch of the tone.
  • Of wind-instruments of the trumpet class, to insert the hand into (the bell) so as to shorten the length of the vibrating column of air, and thus to raise the pitch of the tone.
  • Nautical, to make fast with a small line: as, to stop a line to a harpoon-staff.
  • To put the stops, or marks of punctuation, in; point, as a written composition; punctuate.
  • In masonry, plastering, etc., to point or dress over (an imperfect or damaged place in a wall) by covering it with cement or plaster.
  • In horticulture, same as top.
  • To ward off; parry.
  • In galvanoplastic operations, to apply a varnish to (parts of a plate or object), to prevent the deposit of metal upon the varnished parts during immersion in the gilding or electroplating solution.
  • Theat., to cover (some of the teeth) with black wax, so as to make them invisible.
  • Synonyms and
  • To interrupt, block, blockade, barricade, intercept, end.
  • To suspend, intermit.
  • To check one's self; leave off; desist; stay; halt; come to a stand or stop, as in walking, speaking, or any other action or procedure.
  • To discontinue; come to an end; cease to be: as, the noise stopped; an annuity stops.
  • To make a halt or a stay of longer or shorter duration; tarry; remain.
  • To intercept, ward off, or parry a blow.
  • See to stop down a lens, under stop, transitive verb
  • n. The act of stopping, in any sense.
  • n. An impeding or hindering; obstruction; stoppage.
  • n. A pause; a stand; a halt.
  • n. Termination; ending.
  • n. A stay; a tarrying.
  • n. A state of hesitation or uncertainty; a standstill.
  • n. That which stops or hinders; especially, an obstacle or impediment; specifically, a weir.
  • n. In musical instruments: Of the lute and viol classes, a pressure on a string so as to shorten its vibrating length, and raise the pitch of its tone.
  • n. Of wind-instruments, the closing of a finger-hole in the tube so as to alter the pitch of its tone.
  • n. Of wind-instruments of the trumpet class, the inserting of the hand into the bell so as to raise the pitch of the tone. Any lever or similar device for thus stopping a string or finger-hole.
  • n. In an organ, a graduated set of pipes of the same kind, and giving tones of the same quality.
  • n. Same as stop-knob.
  • n. plural In the harpsichord, handles controlling levers by which the position of the jacks could be varied so as to alter the force or quality of the tones produced.
  • n. A mark to indicate a stop or pause in reading; a mark of punctuation.
  • n. In joinery, one of the pieces of wood nailed on the frame of a door to form the recess or rebate into which the door shuts.
  • n. Nautical: A projection at the head of a lower mast, supporting the trestletrees.
  • n. A bit of small line used to lash or fasten anything temporarily: as, hammock-stops, a wning-stops.
  • n. In optics, a perforated diaphragm inserted between the two combinations of a double lens, or placed in front of a single lens, to intercept the extreme rays that disturb the perfection of the image.
  • n. In bookbinding, a small circular finishing-tool used by bookbinders to stop a line or fillet at its intersection with another line.
  • n. In lace-manuf. (in the application of the Jacquard attachment described under loom, 2, to a laceframe), a point at which the different sets of warp-threads are concentrated or brought to a sort of focus, and which in the design of a pattern is taken as a basis for measurement in determining the distances the respective threads in the set must be moved to form the desired pattern. The movements of the mechanism are adjusted in accordance with these measurements.
  • n. In phonetics, an alphabetic sound involving a complete closure of the mouth-organs; a mute; a check.
  • n. The concavity of the profile of a dog's face, specially marked in the bulldog and pug.
  • n. In fencing, the action whereby a fencer, instead of parrying a blow and then thrusting, allows a careless opponent to run on his sword-point.
  • n. In lute-playing: A chord followed by a pause.
  • n. A chord in producing which all the strings are stopped by the fingers.
  • n. Synonyms Stop, Cessation, Stay, Suspension, Intermission, Pause, Rest. These words may denote the failure or interruption of forward motion or of activity. Stop is an energetic word, but the most general: it is opposed to going forward or going on; cessation may be temporary or final, and is opposed to continuance; a stay is a stop viewed as a lingering or delay: as, a short stay in the place; or, as a legal term, simply a stop: as, a stay of proceedings; suspension is a complete but presumably temporary stop: as, a suspension of work or pay; intermission is a strictly temporary stop; pause is a brief stop, in full expectation of going on; rest is a stop for refreshment from weariness.
  • n. A bucket; a pail; a small well-bucket; a milk-pail.
  • n. A Middle English form of stoop.
  • n. In games such as new market and pope-Joan, a card which is left in the stock and stops the run of a sequence which is played. Certain named cards are sometimes arbitrarily agreed on for stops.
  • n. In mech., an obstacle, such as a pin, peg, or block, placed so as to limit in a definite manner the movement of any part of a machine or instrument.
  • n. In wrestling, a counter to any particular hold.
  • n. In boxing, a guard that prevents a blow from reaching home.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a restraint that checks the motion of something
  • n. a mechanical device in a camera that controls size of aperture of the lens
  • v. render unsuitable for passage
  • v. have an end, in a temporal, spatial, or quantitative sense; either spatial or metaphorical
  • v. put an end to a state or an activity
  • n. a brief stay in the course of a journey
  • v. stop and wait, as if awaiting further instructions or developments
  • n. a spot where something halts or pauses
  • n. the act of stopping something
  • n. (music) a knob on an organ that is pulled to change the sound quality from the organ pipes
  • n. the state of inactivity following an interruption
  • n. the event of something ending
  • v. come to a halt, stop moving
  • v. hold back, as of a danger or an enemy; check the expansion or influence of
  • n. an obstruction in a pipe or tube
  • v. seize on its way
  • v. stop from happening or developing
  • n. a consonant produced by stopping the flow of air at some point and suddenly releasing it
  • v. interrupt a trip
  • v. cause to stop
  • v. prevent completion
  • n. a punctuation mark (.) placed at the end of a declarative sentence to indicate a full stop or after abbreviations

Etymologies

Middle English stoppen, from Old English -stoppian, probably from Vulgar Latin *stuppāre, to caulk, from Latin stuppa, tow, broken flax, from Greek stuppē.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English stoppen, stoppien, from Old English stoppian ("to stop, close"), from Proto-Germanic *stuppōnan (“to stop, close”), *stuppijanan (“to push, pierce, prick”), from Proto-Indo-European *stÁb(h)-, *stemb(h)- (“to support, stamp, become angry, be amazed”). Cognate with West Frisian stopje ("to stop"), Dutch stoppen ("to stop"), Low German stoppen ("to stop"), German stopfen ("to be filling, stuff"), German stoppen ("to stop"), Danish stoppe ("to stop"), Swedish & Icelandic stoppa ("to stop"), Middle High German stupfen, stüpfen ("to pierce"). More at stuff, stump. (Wiktionary)
From Middle English stoppe, from Old English stoppa ("bucket, pail, a stop"), from Proto-Germanic *stuppô (“vat, vessel”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)teub- (“to push, hit; stick, stump”). Cognate with Norwegian stopp, stoppa ("deep well, recess"), Middle High German stubech, stübich ("barrel, vat, unit of measure"; > German Stübchen). Related also to Middle Low German stōp ("beaker, flask"), Middle High German stouf ("beaker, flask"), Norwegian staupa ("goblet"), Icelandic staupa ("shot-glass"), Old English stēap ("a stoup, beaker, drinking vessel, cup, flagon"). Cognate to Albanian shtambë ("amphora, bucket"). See stoup. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • And oh yeah..stop eating food from the drive thru and for God sake stop feeding it to your children. and please don't give them candy for snack time at school.

    Spot-On: Eating Oil

  • The first thing then to be done to put a stop to this frightful waste of human life every year is to _stop the circulation of the bacillus from one person to another_.

    A Handbook of Health

  • Kentucky should at one grand coup _stop spring shooting and all sale of wild game, accord long close seasons to all species that are verging on extinction, protect doves, establish moderate bag limits and stop the use of machine guns_.

    Our Vanishing Wild Life Its Extermination and Preservation

  • After a * fastfood sandwich* lunch, which was simple felafel or chicken wrap, we had a quick pit stop * commission stop* at a traditional papyrus store/factory.

    TravelPod.com TravelStream™ — Recent Entries at TravelPod.com

  • PRKP-1009 \ "Failed to stop all the listeners associated with all the instances of cluster database \" Cause: Either the listener name associated with an instance could not be determined, or \ "lsnrctl stop\" failed for a listener.

    Recently Uploaded Slideshows

  • PRKP-1010 \ "Failed to stop all the listeners associated with instance {0} on node {1} \" Cause: Either the listener name associated with an instance could not be determined, or \ "lsnrctl stop\" failed for a listener.

    Recently Uploaded Slideshows

  • Whenever they stop with the poor me ’stop ABUSING us internets!’ attitude and learn how to engage the online community in constructive ways it might just be a brand new day for comics.

    Scans_Daily no more?

  • And oftentimes, we hear the term stop and frisk, and over the last few years, the terms have just become as if this is one action that occurs every time a police officer engages a citizen.

    News

  • STOP 1. The phrase stop sign, also Made in USA, is first attested only some years later, in 1934. “stop,” OED.

    The English Is Coming!

  • While we were only one train stop from the city centre (an eight minute ride) the few streets of my suburb were nestled in a valley of farmland and native bush.

    Archive 2008-08-01

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