from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- intransitive v. To exert muscular energy, as against a material force or mass: struggled with the heavy load.
- intransitive v. To be strenuously engaged with a problem, task, or undertaking: struggled with his math homework.
- intransitive v. To make a strenuous effort; strive: struggled to be polite.
- intransitive v. To contend or compete: "Right and wrong ... will ever continue to struggle” ( Abraham Lincoln).
- intransitive v. To progress with difficulty: struggled through the novel.
- transitive v. To move or place (something) with an effort: struggled the heavy desk into the elevator.
- n. The act of struggling.
- n. Strenuous effort; striving.
- n. Combat; strife: armed struggle.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. strife, contention, great effort
- v. to strive, to labour in difficulty, to fight (for or against), to contend.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- intransitive v. To strive, or to make efforts, with a twisting, or with contortions of the body.
- intransitive v. To use great efforts; to labor hard; to strive; to contend forcibly.
- intransitive v. To labor in pain or anguish; to be in agony; to labor in any kind of difficulty or distress.
- n. A violent effort or efforts with contortions of the body; agony; distress.
- n. Great labor; forcible effort to obtain an object, or to avert an evil.
- n. Contest; contention; strife.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To put forth violent effort, as in an emergency or as a result of intense excitation; act or strive strenuously against some antagonistic force or influence; be engaged in an earnest effort or conflict; labor or contend urgently, as for some object: used chiefly of persons, but also, figuratively, of things.
- Synonyms Strive, etc. (see attempt); toil.
- n. A violent effort; a strenuous or straining exertion; a strenuous endeavor to accomplish, avoid, or escape something; a contest with some opposing force: as, a struggle to get free; the struggle of death; a struggle with poverty.
- n. Synonyms Endeavor. Effort, Exertion, Pains, Labor. Struggle. See strife. The above are in the order of strength.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. make a strenuous or labored effort
- n. an energetic attempt to achieve something
- n. an open clash between two opposing groups (or individuals)
- n. strenuous effort
- v. climb awkwardly, as if by scrambling
- v. to exert strenuous effort against opposition
- v. be engaged in a fight; carry on a fight
Middle English struglen.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English struglen, stroglen, strogelen, of obscure origin. Cognate with Scots strugil ("to struggle, grapple, contend"). Perhaps from a variant of *strokelen, *stroukelen ( > English stroll), from Middle Dutch struyckelen ("to stumble, trip, falter"; > Modern Dutch struikelen), the frequentative form of Old Dutch *strūkon (“to stumble”), from Proto-Germanic *strūkōnan, *strūkēnan (“to be stiff”), from Proto-Indo-European *strug-, *ster- (“to be stiff; to bristle, strut, stumble, fall”), related to Middle Low German strûkelen ("to stumble"; > Low German strükeln), Old High German strūhhēn, strūhhōn ("to stumble, trip, tumble, go astray"; > Modern German strauchen, straucheln). (Wiktionary)