Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A member of a sect which sprang up among the South Russian peasantry about 1860, under the influence of German colonists. The sect has spread rapidly, and, despite persecution, has become a formidable power in affairs ecclesiastical and political. The members strive to get rid of the authority of both the state and the Orthdox Church, and, adopting the New Testament as their rule of faith, have rejected the priestly hierarchy, intercession of saints, image-worship, fasting, and the sacraments except baptism and communion. Manual labor is held to be necessary and is regarded almost as a religious act. Brotherly love is their one ruling doctrine. Tolstol's teachings show the influence of the Stundists.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Eccl. Hist.) One of a large sect of Russian dissenters founded, about 1860, in the village of Osnova, near Odessa, by a peasant, Onishchenko, who had apparently been influenced by a German sect settled near there. They zealously practice Bible reading and reject priestly dominion and all external rites of worship.
“Imagine a company of people of all kinds sitting in his room: the Grand Duke Nikolay Mikhailovich, the house-painter Ilya, a social-democrat from Yalta, the stundist Patzuk, a musician, a German, the manager of the estates of Countess Kleinmichel, the poet Bulgakov; and all look at him with the same enamored eyes.”
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