Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Shallow mining, or that carried on at an inconsiderable depth beneath the surface; placer-mining, as generally denominated in California. Under this head A. J. Bowie (“Hydraulic Mining in California,” p. 79) includes the methods of dry-washing, beach-mining, river-or bar-mining, ground-sluicing, and booming.
“Sales of surface-mining equipment rose nearly 21%, to $524.4 million.”
“Those data show how hundreds of surface-mining sites located along the Appalachian range have been attacked with high explosives in recent years... so that mega-sized mining machines can go in later and scoop up the coal and then hustle it off to market.”
“Meanwhile, sales of surface-mining equipment climbed 18% and operating profit increased 20%.”
“Sales rose 24% at the company's smaller surface-mining segment.”
“Orders for surface-mining equipment nearly doubled and underground-mining orders increased 17%.”
“The results came in shy of expectations as the company's large Boddington mine in Australia proved less gold-rich than forecast, and on rising surface-mining costs at the Gold Quarry property in Nevada.”
“A spokesman for Massey Energy Co., the nation's sixth biggest mining company by production, which has the most surface-mining operations in Appalachia, said it was reviewing the EPA announcement.”
“Federal regulators have cracked down on a surface-mining practice in which mountaintops are blasted to expose the coal seams below.”
“The Cumberland deal mostly involved underground mines, a fact Massey executives cast as an advantage amid tighter federal policing of a controversial surface-mining practice in which mountain tops are blasted to expose the coal steams below.”
“Meanwhile, profit on surface-mining equipment increased 12% as sales grew 10%.”
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