from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Grammar The shortening of a word by omission of a sound, letter, or syllable from the middle of the word; for example, bos'n for boatswain.
- n. Pathology A brief loss of consciousness caused by a temporary deficiency of oxygen in the brain; a swoon. See Synonyms at blackout.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A loss of consciousness when someone faints, a swoon.
- n. A missing sound from the interior of a word, for example by changing cannot to can't or the pronunciation of placenames in -cester (e.g. Leicester) as -ster.
- n. A missed beat or off-beat stress in music resulting in syncopation.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. An elision or retrenchment of one or more letters or syllables from the middle of a word; as, ne'er for never, ev'ry for every.
- n. Same as Syncopation.
- n. A fainting, or swooning. See Fainting.
- n. A pause or cessation; suspension.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The contraction of a word by elision; an elision or retrenchment of one or more letters or a syllable from the middle of a word, as in ne'er for never. See also syncopation, syncopate. Compare apocope.
- n. In medicine, loss of consciousness from fall of blood-pressure and consequent cerebral anemia; fainting. It may be induced by cardiac weakness or inhibition, hemorrhage, or probably visceral vasomotor relaxation.
- n. A sudden pause or cessation; a suspension; temporary stop or inability to go on.
- n. In music: Same as syncopation.
- n. The combination of two voice-parts so that two or more tones in one coincide with a single tone in the other; simple figuration.
- n. In ancient prosody, omission, or apparent omission, of an arsis in the interior of a line.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. (phonology) the loss of sounds from within a word (as in `fo'c'sle' for `forecastle')
- n. a spontaneous loss of consciousness caused by insufficient blood to the brain
Middle English sincopis, from sincopene, from Late Latin syncopēn, accusative of syncopē, from Greek sunkopē, from sunkoptein, to cut short : sun-, syn- + koptein, to strike.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Late Latin syncope, from Ancient Greek συγκοπή (sunkopē), from σύν (sin) + κόπτω (koptein, "strike, cut off"). (Wiktionary)