Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Among the ancient Jews, a sacrifice presented in expiation for such a sin or offense as admitted of compensation or satisfaction. The ceremonial is described in Lev. xiv. 12–18. See offering.
“We may judge something from this passage: "In the evening of the sabbath, if he see one star and do any work, he is acquitted; but if he see two stars, let him bring his trespass-offering.”
“So the sin and trespass-offering are often expressed by חַטָּאת and אָשָׁם, — “the sin” and “trespass,” or”
“These two particulars indicate that the trespass-offering contemplated chiefly a wrong, for which decided satisfaction was to be made by offering a male animal, and for which”
“The blood of the trespass-offering (like that of the burnt-offering) was thrown on the corners of the altar below the red line.”
“But that this last was, at the same time, considered the lightest kind of trespass appears even from this — that, while ordinarily the flesh of the trespass-offering, after burning the inwards on the altar of (Lev 7: 3), was only to be eaten by the officiating priests within the Holy Place, the lamb offered for such a Nazarite might be eaten by others also, and anywhere within Jerusalem.”
“It forms no exception to this principle, that a trespass-offering was also prescribed in the case of a healed leper (Lev 14: 12), and in that of a”
“The trespass-offering was provided for certain transgressions committed through ignorance, or else, according to Jewish tradition, where a man afterwards voluntarily confessed himself guilty.”
“The Rabbis attach ten comparative degrees of sanctity to sacrifices; and it is interesting to mark that of these the first belonged to the blood of the sin-offering; the second to the burnt-offering; the third to the sin-offering itself; and the fourth to the trespass-offering.”
“The Word of God considers every wrong done to another, as also a wrong done against the Lord (Psa 51: 4), and hence, as needing a trespass-offering.”
“It has already been explained that all sacrifices were either such as were offered on the ground of communion with God — the burnt - and the peace-offering; or else such as were intended to restore that communion when it had been dimmed or disturbed — the sin - and the trespass-offering.”
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