from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The state of the atmosphere at a given time and place, with respect to variables such as temperature, moisture, wind velocity, and barometric pressure.
- n. Adverse or destructive atmospheric conditions, such as high winds or heavy rain: encountered weather five miles out to sea.
- n. The unpleasant or destructive effects of such atmospheric conditions: protected the house from the weather.
- n. Changes of fortune: had known him in many weathers.
- transitive v. To expose to the action of the elements, as for drying, seasoning, or coloring.
- transitive v. To discolor, disintegrate, wear, or otherwise affect adversely by exposure.
- transitive v. To come through (something) safely; survive: weather a crisis.
- transitive v. To slope (a roof, for example) so as to shed water.
- transitive v. Nautical To pass to the windward of despite bad weather.
- intransitive v. To show the effects, such as discoloration, of exposure to the elements: The walls of the barn had weathered.
- intransitive v. To withstand the effects of weather: a house paint that weathers well.
- adj. Nautical Of or relating to the windward side of a ship; windward.
- adj. Relating to or used in weather forecasting: a weather plane.
- weather in To experience or cause to experience weather conditions that prevent movement: The squadron is weathered in because of dense fog. Such a storm will weather the fleet in.
- idiom make heavy weather of To exaggerate the difficulty of something to be done.
- idiom under the weather Somewhat indisposed; slightly ill.
- idiom under the weather Intoxicated; drunk.
- idiom under the weather Suffering from a hangover.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The short term state of the atmosphere at a specific time and place, including the temperature, humidity, cloud cover, precipitation, wind, etc.
- n. Unpleasant or destructive atmospheric conditions, and its effects.
- n. The direction from which the wind is blowing; used attributively to indicate the windward side.
- n. A situation.
- v. To expose to the weather, or show the effects of such exposure, or to withstand such effects.
- v. To pass to windward in a vessel, especially to beat 'round.
- v. To endure or survive an event or action without undue damage.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The state of the air or atmosphere with respect to heat or cold, wetness or dryness, calm or storm, clearness or cloudiness, or any other meteorological phenomena; meteorological condition of the atmosphere
- n. Vicissitude of season; meteorological change; alternation of the state of the air.
- n. Storm; tempest.
- n. A light rain; a shower.
- transitive v. To expose to the air; to air; to season by exposure to air.
- transitive v. Hence, to sustain the trying effect of; to bear up against and overcome; to sustain; to endure; to resist.
- transitive v. To sail or pass to the windward of.
- transitive v. To place (a hawk) unhooded in the open air.
- intransitive v. To undergo or endure the action of the atmosphere; to suffer meteorological influences; sometimes, to wear away, or alter, under atmospheric influences; to suffer waste by weather.
- adj. Being toward the wind, or windward -- opposed to lee.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Wind; storm; tempest.
- n. Cold and wet.
- n. A light rain; a shower.
- n. The state of the air or atmosphere with respect to its cloudiness, humidity, motions, pressure, temperature, electrical condition, or any other meteorological phenomena; the atmospheric conditions prevailing at any moment over any region of the earth: as, warm or cold weather; wet or dry weather; calm or stormy weather; fair or foul weather; cloudy or hazy weather.
- n. Specifically, in weather-maps and -reports, the condition of the sky as to cloudiness and the occurrence of precipitation.
- n. Change of the state of the atmosphere; meteorological change; hence, figuratively, vicissitude; change of fortune or condition.
- n. The inclination or obliquity of the sails of a windmill to the plane of revolution.
- n. An enervating atmosphere.
- Nautical, toward the wind; windward: opposed to lee: as, weather bow; weather beam; weather rigging
- To air; expose to the air; dry or otherwise affect by exposure to the open air.
- To affect injuriously by the action of weather; in geology, to discolor or disintegrate: as, the atmospheric agencies that weather rocks.
- In tile manufacturing, to expose (the clay) to a hot sun or to frost, in order to open the pores and separate the particles, that it may readily absorb water and be easily worked.
- To slope (a surface), that it may shed water.
- To sail to windward of: as, to weather a point or cape.
- To bear up against and come safely through: said of a ship in a storm, as also of a mariner; hence, used in the same sense with reference to storms on land.
- Figuratively, to bear up against and overcome, as trouble or danger; come out of, as a trial, without permanent damage or loss.
- To suffer a change, such as discoloration or more or less complete disintegration, in consequence of exposure to the weather or atmosphere. See weathering, 2.
- To resist or bear exposure to the weather.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. face and withstand with courage
- adj. towards the side exposed to wind
- v. sail to the windward of
- n. the atmospheric conditions that comprise the state of the atmosphere in terms of temperature and wind and clouds and precipitation
- v. change under the action or influence of the weather
- v. cause to slope
Middle English weder, wether, from Old English weder.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Old English weder, from Proto-Germanic *wedran, from Proto-Indo-European *wedʰrom (=*we-dʰrom). Cognate with Dutch weer, German Wetter, Old Norse veðr (Danish vejr, Swedish väder) with Russian вёдро (vëdro, "fair weather") and perhaps Albanian vrëndë ("light rain"). (Wiktionary)