from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The supremacy of the secular power over ecclesiastical matters.
In contrast, the Russians are currently rediscovering Muscovy's Byzantine legacy of caesaropapism.
The Church's autonomy from political power was asserted gradually and painstakingly, but irreversibly, despite the recurring waves of caesaropapism, fundamentalism, and anticlericalism, becoming one of the main pillars of modern Western civilization.
The word 'caesaropapism' is a compound of 'Caesar' and 'papism'.