Definitions
from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
 Fourier, (François Marie) Charles 17721837. French social theorist who believed that universal harmony could be achieved by reorganizing society into selfsustaining units called "phalanxes,” groups of 1,500 people who would share labor, wealth, and housing.
 Fourier, Baron Jean Baptiste Joseph 17681830. French mathematician and physicist who formulated a method for analyzing periodic functions and studied the conduction of heat.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
 n. French mathematician who developed Fourier analysis and studied the conduction of heat (17681830)
 n. French sociologist and reformer who hoped to achieve universal harmony by reorganizing society (17721837)
Etymologies
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Examples

And he puts the wrong formula for a (n) in Fourier series.

Fourier is also generally credited with the discovery of the greenhouse effect. [

In the university she learned how to mathematically move from one description to the other by means of what is called a Fourier transform.

What Jason Brown did is known as Fourier analysis.

According to a booklet called Goji: The Himalayan Health Secret, tests involving infrared molecular bonds, a spectroscopic fingerprinting analysis and a mathematical formula called the Fourier Transform suggest that the goji is “quite possibly the most nutritionally dense food on the planet!”

There is an aspect of science known as Fourier analysis.

There was a remark in a a book by  a new book by Francois Fourier, which is just out here, where he says, ` It's interesting that  that after the war, af  after World War II, the resistance to communism was led by Europe's two leading antifacists, de Gaulle and Churchill. '

A computer converted this complex graph into the conventional NMR pattern, using the same mathematical calculation that is used to identify molecular structures in Xray crystallography, a formula called the Fourier transformation (FT).

When they turned these measurements into a series of waves using a mathematical trick called a Fourier transform, the waves increased in magnitude as their frequency decreased.

The team then converted the measurements of their attention spans into wave forms using a mathematical technique known as the Fourier transform.
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