from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- Maimonides, Moses Originally Moses Ben Maimon. Sometimes called "Rambam.” 1135-1204. Spanish-born Jewish philosopher and physician. The greatest medieval Jewish scholar, he codified the Talmud and in Guide for the Perplexed (1190) attempted to reconcile Aristotelian philosophy with Jewish theology.
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- proper n. A medieval Jewish philosopher.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. Spanish philosopher considered the greatest Jewish scholar of the Middle Ages who codified Jewish law in the Talmud (1135-1204)
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His Maimonides is a figure who rejects superstition and religious fundamentalism in favor of a deeper and more penetrating understanding of the tradition.
Which brings me back to my previous foray into the political science of Sun Tzu, when I quoted the DKos diarist known as Maimonides:
Peripateticism than Averroës and Alpetragius, Moses ben Maimun, called Maimonides (1139-1204), accepted Ptolemy's astronomy despite its incompatibility with Aristotelean physics, although he regarded
â€œBut perhaps and this is Maimonidesâ€™ theory - that is, the Maimonides pretty famously not known for being a feminist- not mine perhaps Godâ€™s intention in this act was to reduce, without eliminating, sexual pleasure for the purpose of helping men get control over their sexuality and to offer that sexuality as a holy act to God.â€
Feeling more at home in the Muslim world of Spain, North Africa and the Middle East, Sephardim such as Maimonides took up the challenge of that new civilization, a civilization best characterized by the term "religious humanism," and produced an efflorescent literature that was matched by an economic dynamism that in the early modern period extended its reach into Holland, England, and Italy.
While the Arab-Muslim world was rocked over the course of centuries by sporadic outbreaks of violence, Jews such as Maimonides continued to live in that world and often thrived in it.
The great Muslim philosophers of the 11th and 12th centuries introduced the thought of Plato and Aristotle to Jewish sages such as Maimonides, who in turn influenced Christian thinker Aquinas.
In Judaism and Islam, this was mirrored by writers such as Maimonides or Ibn Rushd (Averroes), whose defense of philosophical truth-searching against religious dogma is arguably the most innovative of the period
Jewish philosophers such as Maimonides, who were so close to Muslims during this period.
The permission to extract usury from strangers -- a permission which later writers, such as Maimonides, regarded as a command -- clearly favours the view that the legislator was guided by economic principles.