from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- Nernst, Walther Hermann 1864-1941. German physicist and chemist. He won a 1920 Nobel Prize for his work in thermochemistry, particularly his proposal of the third law of thermodynamics (1906).
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- n. Used attributively to designate theories or equipment devised by or arising from the work of Walther Hermann Nernst (1864-1941), German chemist.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. German physicist and chemist who formulated the third law of thermodynamics (1864-1941)
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The exact measurements of specific heats at low temperatures made in Nernst's laboratory have shown that the
Walther Nernst and August von Wasserman to establish a new organization dedicated to the service of German society through the advancement of scientific research.
But Nernst showed in 1906 that it is possible with the aid of the third law, to derive the necessary parameters from the temperature dependence of thermochemical quantities.
Nernst of Berlin received this award for work in thermochemistry, despite a 16-year opposition to this recognition from Arrhenius
Nernst had shown that it is possible to determine the equilibrium constant for a chemical reaction from thermal data, and in so doing he formulated what he himself called the third law of thermodynamics.
For example, as Robert Parson correctly wrote, it is a commonly accepted view in physics that in classical statistics entropy has no definite value while its behavior is determined by Nernst theorem stating that as the temperature of a system approaches absolute zero, its entropy approaches a certain value which, however, includes an arbitrary constant.
Nernst was awarded the 1920 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
The most important result of his research was the discovery of the third law of thermodynamics, the so called Nernst heat theorem.
In 1901 a student studying for the doctorate with Walter Nernst investigated the velocity of sound in several gases, among them nitrogen dioxide.
University of Berlin, were physics at that time was at its apogee, with Einstein, Planck, Nernst and v. Laue.