from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- Robespierre, Maximilien François Marie Isidore de 1758-1794. French revolutionary. Leader of the Jacobins and architect of the Reign of Terror, he was known as an austere and incorruptible man. His laws permitting the confiscation of property and arrest of suspected traitors, many of whom were guillotined, led to his own arrest and execution without trial.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. The French Revolutionary leader Maximilien Robespierre, 1758-1794. Often used as a byword for a murderous demagogue or tyrant.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. French revolutionary; leader of the Jacobins and architect of the Reign of Terror; was himself executed in a coup d'etat (1758-1794)
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Returning to Robespierre, Louvet pointed out his ambition, his efforts, his extreme ascendancy over the people, and terminated his fiery philippic by a series of facts, each one of which was preceded by this terrible form: "_Robespierre, I accuse thee! _"
Chartier took the president's chair, and made the following observation – The villain Robespierre is without, is it your wish that he should be brought in – (No, no; resounded from every side)
Le Bas (along with Augustin Robespierre) offered to share the fate of the Robespierrist triumvirate of Robespierre, Saint-Just, and Couthon, but he shot and killed himself at the Hôtel de Ville in the early morning of 10 Thermidor.
The Fall of Robespierre is a good drama, it is a play about uncertainty in which the only villain is in fact the opportunistic Barrere, whose status as such undercuts the triumphalist tones of the closing lines — "Sublime amid the storm shall France arise ..."
A more plausible reaction on Southey's part comes in his letter of 7 September, shortly after the composition of the play: The death of Robespierre is one of those events on which it is hardly possible to speak with certainty.
In the early years of the Revolution, Augustin Robespierre was procureur-syndic (elected judiciary official at the district level) of the city of Arras and then administrator of the department of the Pas-de-Calais (1790-91).
Robespierre is there already, to complete, the circle.
Because Arras was a clerical town, he calls Robespierre a priest.
For mercy's sake, then, what would you call Robespierre?
Robespierre is accused of keeping a set of witnesses to swear whatever he chose, and of calling them his lambs.