from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • Sakharov, Andrei Dimitrievich 1921-1989. Soviet physicist and dissident who helped develop the first Soviet hydrogen bomb. An outspoken advocate of human rights and nuclear disarmament, he won the 1975 Nobel Peace Prize and was banished to Gorky (now Nizhniy Novgorod) from 1980 to 1986.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. Soviet physicist and dissident; helped develop the first Russian hydrogen bomb; advocated nuclear disarmament and campaigned for human rights (1921-1989)


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • Although there is nothing extraordinary about the content of Chebrikov's report — he accused various human rights activists of "committing concrete criminal acts as stipulated in current law" and he called Sakharov's accusations "familiar fabrications" — its defensive tone is extraordinary.


  • Sakharov from the U.S.S.R., and the Argentinian Adolfo Pérez Esquivel received, their awards on just these grounds.

    The Nobel Peace Prize 1983 - Presentation Speech

  • This change in Sakharov's circumstances and standing was a direct result of a change in his way of thinking, and his frank admission of this.

    The Nobel Peace Prize 1975 - Presentation Speech

  • He was a part of what might be called the Landau school, which included some powerhouse physicists such as Sakharov, Lebedev and Zeldovich.

    Physicist Vitaly Ginzburg Dies at age 93 | Universe Today

  • When radicals such as Sakharov first proposed repeal last year, Gorbachev opposed it vehemently.

    Why He's Failing

  • This question was brought vividly to my mind this past week as I watched the 1984 TV movie, "Sakharov," with Jason Robards in the title role, and Glenda Jackson as his wife, Elena Bonner.

    Where are our Heroes Today>

  • "Sakharov," writes Andropov, is an honest, compassionate and conscientious person.


  • Andrey Sakharov and Nelson Mandela, among other champions of liberty, later said they took strength from hearing Carter emphasize human rights.

    The Good Fight

  • He was honored that year with the European parliament's highest human rights award, the Sakharov prize.

    Wife of Chinese Dissident Sees Husband Before Release

  • Unfortunately, the forces of reform quickly split into two, and the debate descended into a clash between two Nobel laureates, Gorbachev and Sakharov – a battle which, from the longer-term perspective, both lost.

    Letter: Western democracy doesn't suit Egypt


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