from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- A range of the southern Himalaya Mountains extending about 1,689 km (1,050 mi) from southwest Kashmir through northern India into southern Nepal. The hills are noted for their extensive fossil remains.
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The Terai-Duar savannas and grasslands are one of these habitats, and they are located along the foothills and to the north of the Siwalik Hills.
The Siwalik Hills, where this ecoregion lies, are composed of alluvium deposited over the ages by the rivers that drain this young mountain range.
In 1837 Dr. Falconer and Sir Proby Cautley collected a large number of fossil remains from the Siwalik Hills.
His discovery, in company with Colonel Sir Proby T. Cautley, of Miocene Mammalia in the Siwalik Hills, was at the time perhaps the greatest "find" which had been made.
The fossils of the Siwalik Hills formed the subject of Falconer's most important book, "Fauna Antiqua