from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • Thomson, Elihu 1853-1937. British-born American electrical engineer and inventor who with Thomas Edison formed the General Electric Company (1892). His inventions include the street arc lamp.
  • Thomson, James 1700-1748. Scottish-born British poet whose works, most notably The Seasons (1726-1730) and The Castle of Indolence (1748), presaged romanticism.
  • Thomson, Sir Joseph John 1856-1940. British physicist. He won a 1906 Nobel Prize for investigating the electrical conductivity of gases.
  • Thomson, Virgil Garnett 1896-1989. American composer and music critic. His works include the opera Four Saints in Three Acts (1927), with a libretto by Gertrude Stein.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. A British surname.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. United States composer who collaborated with Gertrude Stein (1896-1989)
  • n. United States electrical engineer (born in England) who in 1892 formed a company with Thomas Edison (1853-1937)
  • n. English physicist (son of Joseph John Thomson) who was a co-discoverer of the diffraction of electrons by crystals (1892-1975)
  • n. English physicist who experimented with the conduction of electricity through gases and who discovered the electron and determined its charge and mass (1856-1940)


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Tom +‎ -son, originally meaning son of Thomas. Being derived from Thomas ultimately gives this surname an Aramaic derivation - teoma 'twin'.



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