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- n. Plural form of bonyad.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The Imam Reza Shrine is part of a cluster of bonyads, nominally charitable foundations with huge holdings….
This status gives bonyads an independent authority outside Iran's formal state bureaucracy and checks the power of elected officials….
The IRGC operate in part through Iran's bonyads, ostensibly charitable foundations that operate as huge holding companies.
Tehran has arguably benefited from a "whole-of-government" approach in which government-owned industries and IRGC-influenced religious foundations (bonyads) are used as tools of statecraft.
Today, Iran possesses a good manufacturing industry, despite bonyads have often been managed badly, making them ineffective and uncompetitive with years.