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  • Only 16 birds are recorded, most noticeable among them being the blue chaffinch Fringilla teydea teydea, the wild canary Serinus canaria, Berthelot's pipit Anthus berthelotii berthelotii, the commonest bird, kestrel Falco tinnunculus canariensis, long eared owl Asio otus canariensis and Barbary partridge Alectoris barbara.

    Teide National Park, Spain

  • Two tree species occur: an occasional isolated Canary Island cedar Juniperus cedrus or Canary Island pine Pinus canariensis.

    Teide National Park, Spain

  • These include the Tertiary relicts, Prunus lusitanica and Rhododendron ponticum baeticum, and communities dominated by Quercus canariensis and Arbutus unedo.

    Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests

  • The endemic shrub, Securineia tinctorea, which has a distributional range almost completely restricted to this river basin, together with several shrub and tree species (Tamarix canariensis, T. africana, Salix alba, and Populus alba), characterize the typical riparian woods that are well adapted to periodical flooding.

    Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests

  • Together with several other shrub and tree species (Tamarix canariensis, T. africana, Salix alba, Alnus glutinosa, Populus alba, P. Nigra, Fraxinus angustifolia, Ulmus minor), this assemblage typifies small riparian woodlands and is well adapted to periodical flooding.

    Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests

  • Canarian endemic pine forests (Pinus canariensis) are found almost at sea level in southern areas but in the northern parts of the islands are found from 1,200 to 2,400 m in elevation.

    Canary Islands dry woodlands and forests

  • Endemic palm groves (Phoenix canariensis), and semiarid vegetation are present.

    Canary Islands dry woodlands and forests

  • Other Macronesian endemic species found in laurisilva are Arbutus canariensis, Ilex canariensis, Visnea mocanera, Picconia excelsa, Heberdenia excelsa, Salix canariensis, and Viburnum tinus.

    Canary Islands dry woodlands and forests

  • Endemics are mainly found to be from the Euphorbiaceae, for example, Euphorbia canariensis, and E. balsamifera.

    Canary Islands dry woodlands and forests

  • Endemic Macronesian heaths, also known as fayal-brezal, grow from 500 to 1,700 m, as transition vegetation between laurisilva and Canarian endemic pine forests, with which they share some species (Ilex canariensis, I. perado, Larus azorica, and Picconia excelsa).

    Canary Islands dry woodlands and forests

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