from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A word or name derived from the name of a person. The words atlas, bowdlerize, and Turing machine are eponyms.
- n. A person whose name is or is thought to be the source of the name of something.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The name of a real or fictitious person whose name has, or is thought to have, given rise to the name of a particular item.
- n. A word formed from a real or fictive person’s name.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The hypothetical individual who is assumed as the person from whom any race, city, etc., took its name.
- n. A name, as of a people, country, and the like, derived from that of an individual.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A name of a place, people, or period derived from that of a person.
- n. A name of a mythical or historical personage from whom the name of a country or people has come or is supposed to have come: thus, Italus, Romulus, Brutus, Heber, the names of imaginary persons invented to account for Italy, Rome, Britain, Hebrew, are mythical eponyms; Bolivar is the historical eponym of Bolivia.
- n. A name of something, as a part or organ of the body, derived from a person: thus, circle of Willis, fissure of Sylvius, aqueduct of Fallopius, are eponyms.
- n. The archon eponymus at Athens (see archon); also, one of certain Assyrian functionaries who gave their names to the years during which they held office.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the name derived from a person (real or imaginary)
- n. the person for whom something is named
An eponym is an honor, and these two men are not worthy.
When a person’s name turns into a word, that’s called an eponym, from the Greek epi, “upon,” and onyma, “name.”
I've been using the eponym for over seven years on my (virtually unread) blog and for almost as long on the (widely read) DailyKos.
And then there are those events so exalting or traumatic that they appropriate their date as a universal eponym: July 4th in the USA, for example, 7 de Setembro in Brazil and 9/11 in every country I've visited in the last decade.
Had he never lived, we would now celebrate Cabot Day or Hudson Day or some other eponym.
Someone (you) needs to stop seeing racism in an eponym, which was actually my point.
If Breitbart is in fact memorialized in the pages of Merriam-Webster with an eponym, he will join the list of other scoundrels whose acts are were so outrageous -- or at least notorious -- that they were accorded words of their own.
When a new word is named for a person, it's called an eponym.
She has an entire political dogma named after her, whereas his only eponym is a slump in the gold markets.
Francis Cabot Lowell, eponym of Mr. Green's first subject, the textile mill town in Massachusetts, had been appalled by an 1811 visit to Manchester, England, which he found air-blackened and overrun with "beggars and thieves."