from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A system of government marked by centralization of authority under a dictator, stringent socioeconomic controls, suppression of the opposition through terror and censorship, and typically a policy of belligerent nationalism and racism.
- n. A political philosophy or movement based on or advocating such a system of government.
- n. Oppressive, dictatorial control.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A political regime, having totalitarian aspirations, ideologically based on a relationship between business and the centralized government, business-and-government control of the market place, repression of criticism or opposition, a leader cult and exalting the state and/or religion above individual rights. Originally only applied (usually capitalized) to Benito Mussolini's Italy.
- n. By vague analogy, any system of strong autocracy or oligarchy usually to the extent of bending and breaking the law, race-baiting and violence against largely unarmed populations.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. a political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical government; -- opposed to
- n. an authoritarian system of government under absolute control of a single dictator, allowing no political opposition, forcibly suppressing dissent, and rigidly controlling most industrial and economic activities. Such regimes usually try to achieve popularity by a strongly nationalistic appeal, often mixed with racism.
- n. Specifically, the Fascist movement led by Benito Mussolini in Italy from 1922 to 1943.
- n. broadly, a tendency toward or support of a strongly authoritarian or dictatorial control of government or other organizations; -- often used pejoratively in this sense.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical government (as opposed to democracy or liberalism)
As always, I use the term fascism in the proper historical context, rather than the militaristic slur of nazism that it tends to get confused with.
Also, the term fascism is derived from the italian fascio, which means bundle - check out the Fascist flag.
A little history: Benito Mussolini invented the term fascism in the 1920s and the philosophy it was built on was based in controlling people with fear and repression.
And I am not a person who tosses the term fascism around lightly.
Refreshingly, Wolf is not shy about using the term fascism and lets the reader know why.
Originally, the term fascism was used by an Italian political movement that ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini see Italian fascism.
Fascism just advocates corporate control of government, the form of ‘us and them’ in fascism is milder (comparitively) to Nazism, which took ‘us and them’ to racial levels – the Holocaust being the result.
Remember the actual meaning of the term fascism: corporate control of the government.
And while some might try to limit the term fascism to corporatism, they are not the same.
As for the term fascism, it usually means a totalitarian system with centralized control in either a single individual or elitist group, who exercise control by asserting either a rigorous nationalism or religious/racial scapegoating.