from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. (noun) A quarrelsome woman; a common scold.
After leaving North Carolina, Mrs. Royall sojourned in Washington City, where she engaged in writing vituperative books and edited a 'Paul Pry' newspaper, so full of scandal that she was arraigned and convicted of the crime of being a common scold -- 'communis rixatrix.'
She afterwards succeeded in setting aside the judgment on the ground that she had been called rixa and not rixatrix that is to say she had been called in bad Latin the wrong word for female.
'Rixatrix' comes from the Latin 'rixare,' to quarrel.