Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • suffix Characterized by a specified quality, condition, or action: bothersome.
  • suffix A group of a specified number of members: threesome.
  • suffix Body: centrosome.
  • suffix Chromosome: monosome.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • suffix characterized by some specific condition or quality
  • suffix Used to form a word indicating a group with a certain small number of members
  • suffix A body
  • suffix A chromosome

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • A combining form or suffix from Gr. sw^ma (gen. sw`matos) the body
  • An adjective suffix having primarily the sense of like or same, and indicating a considerable degree of the thing or quality denoted in the first part of the compound; as in mettlesome, full of mettle or spirit; gladsome, full of gladness; winsome, blithesome, etc.

Etymologies

Middle English -som, from Old English -sum, -like; see sem-1 in Indo-European roots.
Middle English -sum, from Old English sum, some; see some.
From Greek sōma, body; see teuə- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English, from Old English -sum ("-some, same as"). Akin to Old Frisian -sum ("-some"), Old High German -sam ("-some"), Old Norse -samr ("-some"), Gothic -sams, -sama. Cognate with Albanian -shëm ("-some"). More at same. (Wiktionary)
Middle English from a specialized note of Old English sum ("some, one") coming after a genitive plural (eg. hē wæs fēowertiga sum --"he was one of forty", literally "he was forties' some[one]"; sixa sum --"one of six, sixsome"). (Wiktionary)
From Ancient Greek σῶμα (soma, "body") (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • If they cut the number of international students by 25%, it will be much more serious than that -some universities may close their doors, or at least close entire deprtments.

    The Independent - Frontpage RSS Feed

  • With prizes like that a lot of folks took their chances---some could sing and some clearly couldn't.

    Telegraph.co.uk - Telegraph online, Daily Telegraph and Sunday Telegraph

  • Call me old fashioned, but judges typically do not let 2-year-old twins return to a house where the dad is having a 2 ½ -some.

    The Full Feed from HuffingtonPost.com

  • There are real stories -some of which Hollywood turned into movies- where a bully in a small town beat and abused people for years, and he had gotten away with a slap in the wrist from the local authorities.

    Breaking News: CBS News

  • As Wedes walked from the stage Saturday hundreds of people gave him a standing ovation -some with tears in their eyes.

    Seattle Post-Intelligencer: Local News

  • It is a reminder that many if not all of the issues that Dr. King wanted to address are still with us---some greater in scope than he could have imagined--and a call to keep carrying forward his vision for equity and social justice in our land.

    Crooks and Liars

  • In a recent survey, the Science nd Technology Facilities Council STFC found that although most students choose to do a PhD because of their interest in a subject, the careers open to them afterwards can contribute to the UK's knowledge economy in many ways -some of them quite unexpected.

    The Independent - Frontpage RSS Feed

  • But now - just hours before the first government shutdown in 15 years -some of the most vocal conservatives are urging Republicans to reach a deal before a shutdown occurs.

    NYT > Home Page

  • Hundreds of cars -some exotic and rare- are on display at the Seattle Auto Show through Sunday, November 6th.

    Seattle Post-Intelligencer: Local News

  • -some relatively insignificant event will occur that will cause investor sentiment to slowly begin to change, and BofA's valuation will at last start to edge higher.

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