from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- A promontory and ancient town of western Greece. In 31 B.C. it was the site of Octavian's naval victory over Mark Antony and Cleopatra. As a result of the battle, Egypt came under Roman control and Octavian (later Augustus) was established as the ruler of Rome.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. naval battle where Antony and Cleopatra were defeated by Octavian's fleet under Agrippa in 31 BC.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. an ancient town on a promontory in western Greece
- n. the naval battle in which Antony and Cleopatra were defeated by Octavian's fleet under Agrippa in 31 BC
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Cleopatra's abandonment of Antony during Actium is a good crux of this relationship, in Auden's view.
SAW 85-92 ends with the ho-hum "Actium," whose aimless thumping, gurgling, clicking, and clonking become monotonous well before it ends after nearly eight minutes.
Indeed, had Cleopatra and Antony managed to win the battle of Actium, the centuries that followed, which included the life of Jesus himself, could well have played out differently.
Actium: Cleopatra for a second flees a conflict scene.
III. vii --- Antony creates an irrational, unexplained preference to quarrel upon sea, not upon land, where he is a mythological universe champion, opposite Octavius during Actium.
To prepare the ground for Actium, the battle that would decide the future of Rome and at which Octavian would defeat Antony and Cleopatra, he needed a worthy opponent.
If you look at the last century of the Republic (from the Gracchi down to Actium), one thing that stands out is the extraordinary number and extent of constitutional changes Rome went through.
Soon begins what she calls the "slow, excruciating process of our undoing," with her father's military defeat at Actium and her parents' suicides, the murder of her elder step-brother, and the forcible transportation of the rest of the family to Rome.
Their end, so memorably depicted by Shakespeare, came about in 30 B.C., some months after they withdrew from a naval engagement off Actium (in western Greece) and fled to Alexandria, where Octavian's forces could corner them.
For 2,000 years, people have retold and reinvented the story of the love affair between the gruff Roman soldier and the exotic queen of Egypt, the war they fought for the ultimate prize, their defeat at the Battle of Actium and the bite of the asp that brought the story to an end.