from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- Adrian IV Originally Nicholas Breakspear. 1100?-1159. English-born pope (1154-1159) whose papacy was marked by disputes with Emperor Frederick I. He is reputed to have bestowed sovereignty over Ireland on Henry II of England (c. 1155).
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Cardella states that Boso as well as Adrian IV bore the surname of
Popes Celestine II and Adrian IV had studied at Paris, Alexander III sent his nephews there, and, under the name of Lothaire, a scion of the noble family of Seigny, who was later to rule the Church as Innocent III, belonged to the student body.
The murderer of Thomas a 'Becket seemed ill-fitted for the role, but he undertook it, and in the first year of his reign (1154) he procured a Bull from the English-born Pope Adrian IV authorizing him to proceed to Ireland
Other known bishops are Trasmondo Sognino (1150), who died in prison; Ubaldo (1150), Iegate of Adrian IV to the princes of