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from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • Formerly Ox·us (ŏkˈsəs)Amu Darya A river of central Asia flowing about 2,574 km (1,600 mi) generally northwest from the Pamir Mountains to the southern Aral Sea. In ancient times it figured significantly in the history of Persia and in the campaigns of Alexander the Great.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. A major river in Central Asia flowing across the border of Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan parallel to Syr Darya and into the Aral Sea. Known in classical times as Oxus.


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • At the heart of the exhibition is the miracle of Tillya Tepe, the "hill of gold", a huge earthen barrow 80 miles west of Mazar-i Sharif, between the Hindu Kush mountains and the streams of the Amu Darya.

    The hill of gold

  • Oxus: The modern Amu Darya, which rises on the northern border of Afghanistan and flows into the Aral Sea.

    Alexander the Great

  • However, the Soviet leaders backed out from this strategy and accepted an unconditional withdrawal, even though by then they were in a stronger position for only Amu Darya divided the Soviet territory from Afghanistan.

    Ehsan Azari Stanizai: Partition of Afghanistan Is a Quixotic Adventure

  • Germany installed itself in at a decaying Soviet air base at Termez, Uzbekistan along the Amu Darya, just over an hour north of Mazar-e-Sharif.

    Derek Flood: From Totalitarianism to Turbines: The Unending Struggle for Power in Central Asia

  • In numerous and complex ways this loss will affect Asia's 10 major rivers — the Yellow, Yangtze, Mekong, Salween, Irrawaddy, Brahmaputra, Ganges, Indus, Amu Darya, and Tarim.

    The Most Endangered Glaciers

  • His soldiers faced a holdout at the city of Khiva on the banks of the Amu Darya, where the ruling khan, Muhammed Rahim, refused to recognize Russian rule.

    The Gun

  • The hydrological role of snow and ice from the mountains is particularly high for the Tarim, Syr Darya, Amu Darya, Indus, Ganges, Brahmaputra, Yangtze and Huang He (Yellow) rivers.

    ICIMOD Press release

  • The Amu Darya ( "Persian Sea") rises in the far eastern mountains of Afghanistan, runs generally east along the northern boarder with Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, before turning generally north into Turkmenistan and flowing into the Aral Sea (or disappearing before reaching the Aral Sea).


  • The lowest point is Amu Darya, 258 m (833 feet). 49% of the country is over 2,000 m (6,650 feet) in altitude.


  • In the Aral Sea basin in Central Asia, there is an uneasy arrangement among five countries over the sharing of the two rivers, the Amu Darya and the Syr Darya, that drain into the sea.

    When Population Growth and Resource Availability Collide


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