Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun A 19th-century religious movement arising out of Shiism that asserted a new revelation and a new law, claiming to supersede Islamic law and demanding extensive social reforms. One of its followers founded the Baha'i faith in 1863.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun A religious, political, and social system founded in Persia about 1843 by Seyd Mohammed Ali, a native of Shiraz, who pretended to be descended from Mohammed.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun The doctrine of a modern religious pantheistical sect in Persia, which was founded, about 1844, by Mirza Ali Mohammed ibn Rabhik (1820 -- 1850), who assumed the title of Bab-ed-Din (Per., Gate of the Faith). Babism is a mixture of Mohammedan, Christian, Jewish, and Parsi elements. This doctrine forbids concubinage and polygamy, and frees women from many of the degradations imposed upon them among the orthodox Mohammedans. Mendicancy, the use of intoxicating liquors and drugs, and slave dealing, are forbidden; asceticism is discountenanced.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun The doctrine of a modern religious sect, which originated in Persia in 1844.

Etymologies

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Bab (Persian باب bâb a gate), the title assumed by the founder, Siyyid `Alí Muhammad.

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