from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A 19th-century outgrowth of Shiism that sought to reform Islam by advocating egalitarianism and by forbidding polygamy and trading in slaves. One of its followers founded the Baha'i faith in 1863.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The doctrine of a modern religious sect, which originated in Persia in 1844.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The doctrine of a modern religious pantheistical sect in Persia, which was founded, about 1844, by Mirza Ali Mohammed ibn Rabhik (1820 -- 1850), who assumed the title of Bab-ed-Din (Per., Gate of the Faith). Babism is a mixture of Mohammedan, Christian, Jewish, and Parsi elements. This doctrine forbids concubinage and polygamy, and frees women from many of the degradations imposed upon them among the orthodox Mohammedans. Mendicancy, the use of intoxicating liquors and drugs, and slave dealing, are forbidden; asceticism is discountenanced.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A religious, political, and social system founded in Persia about 1843 by Seyd Mohammed Ali, a native of Shiraz, who pretended to be descended from Mohammed.
Weinberger writes, "Judaism occupies its own whole number (296) but Islam shares its number with two others, Babism and Baha'i (297)."
It was founded in 1863 in Persia as an offshoot of an earlier sect called Babism.
He soon grew used to the functions of the office, and gave out hundred-dollar interviews on every subject, from labour-strikes to Babism, with a frequency which reacted agreeably on the domestic exchequer.
Aḥmad (the forerunner of Babism), the Bāb himself and Baha'ullah
'Babism,' article in _Encyclopaedia of Religions_.
 Babism is fairly well represented in Persia at the present day; see R.G. Browne.
_Babism and Bahaism_,  the transformation of Babism effected by Baháu'llah, is a church in all essential points, though its organization consists merely in the devotion of its adherents to the teaching and the person of its founder; it has no clergy, no religious ceremonial, no public prayers, no connection with any civil government, but its dogma is well-defined and it offers eternal salvation to its adherents.
 Babism (or Bahaism) also claims to be universal, but its origin is so recent that this claim cannot be tested.
From what is now known regarding the Mohammedan revival and Church union contemplated by Jemal-ed-Din, it is obvious that the idea of any connection between Babism and the crime at Shah Abdul Azim is out of the question, for the Babis of Persia and Jemal-ed-Din's followers have little or nothing in common.
Founder Baha'u'llah, a Persian nobleman, was confined to a Tehran prison in 1853 for following a religious movement called Babism.