from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A 19th-century outgrowth of Shiism that sought to reform Islam by advocating egalitarianism and by forbidding polygamy and trading in slaves. One of its followers founded the Baha'i faith in 1863.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The doctrine of a modern religious sect, which originated in Persia in 1844.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The doctrine of a modern religious pantheistical sect in Persia, which was founded, about 1844, by Mirza Ali Mohammed ibn Rabhik (1820 -- 1850), who assumed the title of Bab-ed-Din (Per., Gate of the Faith). Babism is a mixture of Mohammedan, Christian, Jewish, and Parsi elements. This doctrine forbids concubinage and polygamy, and frees women from many of the degradations imposed upon them among the orthodox Mohammedans. Mendicancy, the use of intoxicating liquors and drugs, and slave dealing, are forbidden; asceticism is discountenanced.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A religious, political, and social system founded in Persia about 1843 by Seyd Mohammed Ali, a native of Shiraz, who pretended to be descended from Mohammed.


From Bab (Persian باب bâb a gate), the title assumed by the founder, Siyyid `Alí Muhammad. (Wiktionary)



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