from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A member of a secret society in China that unsuccessfully attempted in 1900 to drive foreigners from the country by violence and force Chinese Christians to renounce their religion.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. A Chinese anti-imperial and anti-foreigner rebel of the early 1900s.


Approximate translation of Chinese (Mandarin) (yìhé) quán, (righteous harmonious) fists, name of a secret political organization.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Named Boxers by the west as their official title was "The Fist of Righteous Harmony." and their symbol was a clenched fist. (Wiktionary)



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