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  • The tropical rainforests are characterized by Ceiba petandra, Cavanillesia platanifolia (IK), Hura crepitans, caracolí Anacardium excelsum, guaco Brosimum utile, and palma mil pesos Jessenia polycarps (IK).

    Los Katíos National Park, Colombia

  • A few giants with the largest trunks (2,400 mm) include Cariniana decandra, Osteophloem platyspermum, Piptadenia suaveolens, Brosimum sp.,

    Juruá-Purus moist forests

  • In broad terms, in the northern part of the ecoregion, the lowland rainforests correlate to the Brosimun utilis alliance, including communities dominated by the deciduous "cuipo" or "ceiba bonga" tree (Cavanillesia platanifolia), the "aspavé" or wild cashew (Anacardium excelsum), the "táparo" (Catilla elastica), the rubber tree (Castilla elastica), Brosimum guianense, Bombacopsis spp.,

    Chocó-Darién moist forests

  • The forests at higher altitudes, starting at 600 meters (m), have communities with the following species: "guamos" (Inga sp.), Billia columbiana, Brosimum sp.,

    Chocó-Darién moist forests

  • For example, Virola dixonii, Carapa guianensis, Brosimum utile and Guarea kunthiana represent some of the large and dominant tree species in the canopy.

    Western Ecuador moist forests

  • However, the few areas that still contain moist forest assemblages also termed "Tropical Evergreen Forest" are characterized by tall trees reaching up to 30 meters (m), where the dominant species are: Mayan breadnut (Brosimum alicastrum), sapodilla (Manilkara zapota), rosadillo (Celtis monoica), Bursera simaruba, Dendropanax arboreus, and Sideroxylon capiri.

    Veracruz moist forests

  • In the state of San Luis Potosí, the trees are even taller than in Tamaulipas, although with the same dominant species in the canopy (e.g. Brosimum alicastrum and Celtis monoica).

    Veracruz moist forests

  • In the state of Michoacán, the species more commonly present are Ficus mexicana, F. padifolia, Brosimum alicastrum, Licania arborea, Sideroxylon capiri and Enterolobium cyclocarpum.

    Southern Pacific dry forests

  • In the states of Guerrero and Oaxaca, the composition of the forests transforms and the more abundant species are Brosimum alicastrum, Bumelia persimilis, Godmania aesculifolia, Manilkara zapota, Pterocarpus acapulcensis, Licania arborea, Tabebuia palmeri, Bombax palmeri, Bombax ellipticum and Plumeria rubra.

    Southern Pacific dry forests

  • The rich vegetation includes; species of savanna such as nance Byrsonima crassifolia; high altitude forest with chicle Manilkara zapota, 'ramon' or bread-nut tree Brosimum alicastrum, West Indian mahogany Swietenia macrophylla (E), cedar Cedrela odorata, palma de botan (palm) Sabal morrisiana and palma de escobo Chrysophyllum argentearum, 'tinto' lowland forest with Hematoxylum campechianum; wetlands with tule Typha sp. around water bodies.

    Tikal National Park, Guatemala


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